Macroeconomics Money And Banking Notes Pdf

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macroeconomics money and banking notes pdf

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Learning the important concepts is very important for every student to get better marks in examinations. The concepts should be clear which will help in faster learning.

Economics 350: Money and Banking. Lecture Notes

Abel, Andrew B. Bernanke, , Macroeconomics, 4th ed. Aliber, Robert Z. Baumol, William A. Blinder, , Macroeconomics: Principles and Policy, 7th ed. Hester, Donald, , lecture notes for Economics , University of Wisconsin- Madison, fall semester. Compiled by Meredith Crowley. Mankiw, N. Mishkin, Frederic S. Ritter, Lawrence S.

Silber and Gregory F. Stern, Gary H. Introduction: Topics A. Money: what it is and what it does B. Financial markets: what is traded, why it is traded, and who trades it 2.

Principles of Finance: Topics A. Financial derivatives: how they work and what they do 3. Financial Institutions: Topics A. Basic principles of bank management B. The evolution of commercial banks, their regulation, and their non-bank competitors 4. How the money supply is set, and how central banks control it B. The Federal Reserve s goals and tactics C. Financial crises and central banks 5. Monetary Theory: Topics A. How the money supply affects aggregate output and prices B.

Whether the Federal Reserve can or should intervene in the economy 3. Money and its Functions A. Money: any asset widely accepted as payment for goods and services or in the repayment of debt B. Medium of exchange: facilitates trade ii. Unit of account iii. Store of value wealth : extremely liquid, but subject to inflation risk C. Evolution of the payments system i. Autarky ii. Barter iii. Commodity money iv. Paper currency: full-bodied and fiat v. Checks vi.

Electronic money vii. Monetary Collapse 2. M1 and M2: M2 is more general B. Comment: the different measures move together, but far from exactly. Main Function A. Transfer funds from lenders to borrowers: improves allocation of resources B. Direct finance: borrowers sell securities to lenders C. Indirect finance: funds go through a financial intermediary 2. Debt vs. Debt: a security with a specified payment schedule ii. Equity: a claim to a share of a firm s income net of debt payments and net worth B.

Primary vs. Primary: new securities ii. Secondary: resale of existing securities C. Exchange vs. Exchange: trade in a central location ii. Over-the-counter: dealers in many locations D.

Money vs. Money markets: maturity of one year or less ii. Capital markets: maturity of more than one year 3. Financial Intermediaries A. Financial intermediary: an institution that borrows funds from one group of people in order to lend them to another B. Function: utilize economies of scale in: i.

Contracting ii. Diversification iii. Creating liquidity iv. Handling asymmetric information 5. Adverse selection: i. Problem with asymmetric information before transaction is made iii. Handled with screening D. Moral hazard: i. Risk that one party in a transaction will engage in an action harmful to the other party ii. Problem with asymmetric information after transaction is made iii. Handled with monitoring E. Types of financial intermediaries i. Contractual savings: includes insurance companies and pension plans iii.

Investment: includes mutual funds and finance companies 4. Regulation A. Goals i. Transparent and efficient operation ii. Preventing financial panics B. Regulating direct markets i. Disclosure ii. Insider trading prohibited iii. Other screening and monitoring C. Regulating financial intermediaries i. Screening: chartering ii. Monitoring: reporting and management restrictions iii. Deposit insurance iv. Limiting competition v. Reserve requirements 6. Present Value A. One-period loan i.

Yield to Maturity A. Interest rate that equates the present value of a series of payments to a security s market price. Most common definition of interest rate. Suppose security pays FP 1 one period later, FP 2 2 periods later, etc. Then i. Negative relationship between a security s price and its Y-T-M 3. Fixed Payments Loan i. Pay FP after each of n periods ii. Given LV, FP and n, i found with table or calculator.

Economics 350: Money and Banking Lecture Notes

The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter 6 in minutes. Revision notes in exam days is one of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. Barter Exchange: It implies the direct exchange of goods for goods without the use of money. Supply of Money: Total stock of money currency notes, coins and demand deposit of banks in circulation are held by the public at a given point of time. Supply of money does not include cash balance held by central and state govt. Commercial Banks: Commercial Banks are financial institution who accepts deposits from the public and provide loans facilities for investment with the aim of earning profit.

NCERT Class 12 Economics Chapter Money and Banking Notes have been largely compiled by teachers with near to 20 years of experience and after studying the last ten years of examination papers. Further, they are all designed with the latest academic year subject material so that any difference in the syllabus is accounted for as well. By studying from these NCERT Economics Chapter Money and Banking Notes for class 12 and employing sample papers, students will no difficulty be able to alleviate any tension before exams as they will be fully prepared in advance for their board exams. Together, students will be prepared to answer every type of question like subjective and objective and aim for the best in their last year of school. SelfStudys provides chapter-wise Economics Chapter Money and Banking revision notes as well as short keynotes for the CBSE board examination in an easy to understand and also free downloadable PDF format so students can practice it for their studies and get good marks in their board examinations.

Download CBSE Class 12 Economics Money And Banking Notes in pdf, Economics chapter notes, class notes mind maps formulas Revision Notes.


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Chapter Notes - Money and Banking, Economics, Class 12 | EduRev Notes

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Money and Banking class 12 Notes Economics

Шифр!. Сьюзан смотрела на эти буквы, и они расплывались перед ее слезящимися глазами. Под вертикальной панелью она заметила еще одну с пятью пустыми кнопками. Шифр из пяти букв, сказала она себе и сразу же поняла, каковы ее шансы его угадать: двадцать шесть в пятой степени, 11 881 376 вариантов. По одной секунде на вариант - получается девятнадцать недель… Когда она, задыхаясь от дыма, лежала на полу у дверцы лифта, ей вдруг вспомнились страстные слова коммандера: Я люблю тебя, Сьюзан. Я любил тебя .

 - И он положил конверт на стойку. Консьерж взглянул на конверт и что-то грустно пробормотал себе под нос. Еще один любитель молоденьких девочек, - подумал. - Ну. Сеньор?. - Буисан, - сказал Беккер.

 - Вы его убили. Вы же сказали… - Мы к нему пальцем не притронулись, - успокоил ее Стратмор.  - Он умер от разрыва сердца. Сегодня утром звонили из КОМИНТа. Их компьютер через Интерпол засек имя Танкадо в регистратуре полиции Севильи.

 - Расскажи, что с тобой случилось.

 Потому что дело именно в. Он что-то скрывает. Джабба вытаращил глаза: - Мидж, дорогая. Я по уши опутан кабелем. Если ты хочешь назначить мне свидание, я освобожусь.

 Черт! - Фонтейн снова схватил трубку и набрал номер мобильника Стратмора. На этот раз послышались длинные гудки. Фонтейн насчитал уже шесть гудков.


  1. Osbecontla 27.05.2021 at 19:56

    Free PDF download of Class 12 Macro Economics Chapter 3 - Money and Banking Revision Notes & Short Key-notes prepared by our expert Economics.

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