Signs And Symptoms Of Hypoglycemia Pdf

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signs and symptoms of hypoglycemia pdf

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Patient Education Handouts

Hypoglycemia is an abnormally low level of blood sugar blood glucose. Because the brain depends on blood sugar as its primary source of energy, hypoglycemia interferes with the brain's ability to function properly. This can cause dizziness, headache, blurred vision, difficulty concentrating and other neurological symptoms. Hypoglycemia also triggers the release of body hormones, such as epinephrine and norepinephrine. Your brain relies on these hormones to raise blood sugar levels. The release of these hormones causes additional symptoms of tremor, sweating, rapid heartbeat, anxiety and hunger.

Hypoglycemia in individuals with diabetes can increase the risk of morbidity and all-cause mortality in this patient group, particularly in the context of cardiovascular impairment, and can significantly decrease the quality of life. Hypoglycemia can present one of the most difficult aspects of diabetes management from both a patient and healthcare provider perspective. Strategies used to reduce the risk of hypoglycemia include individualizing glucose targets, selecting the appropriate medication, modifying diet and lifestyle and applying diabetes technology. Using a patient-centered care approach, the provider should work in partnership with the patient and family to prevent hypoglycemia through evidence-based management of the disease and appropriate education. Hypoglycemia is both a clinical and physiologic condition that is associated with increased morbidity and all-cause mortality in individuals with both type 1 T1DM and type 2 diabetes T2DM [ 1 ].

What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

Stephen N. Hypoglycemia is the term for low blood sugar or blood glucose. If hypoglycemia is not corrected right away, it can quickly worsen as the brain is starved of glucose. Unless you act quickly, you may become very confused and unable to manage your condition. In severe cases, you may even lose consciousness, have a seizure, or go into a coma. Hypoglycemia can happen if you do not eat when you need to or as much as you need, or if you skip a meal, drink too much alcohol, exercise more than usual, or if you have diabetes.

Hypoglycemia low blood sugar is a sign of a problem; it is not a disease itself. The brain and other tissues in the body use glucose , or sugar, as fuel. You get most of the glucose your body needs from your diet. The liver and kidneys are able to make glucose when necessary. Excess glucose is stored as glycogen many glucose molecules linked together in the liver and in muscle. Tell your doctor if you have frequent or recurring episodes of hypoglycemia because this may indicate an underlying health problem. Between meals, the blood sugar level gradually decreases.

Hypoglycemia , also known as low blood sugar , is a fall in blood sugar to levels below normal. The most common cause of hypoglycemia is medications used to treat diabetes such as insulin and sulfonylureas. The glucose level that defines hypoglycemia is variable. Among people with diabetes, prevention is by matching the foods eaten with the amount of exercise and the medications used. Not all of the above manifestations occur in every case of hypoglycemia. No consistent order to the appearance of the symptoms is seen, if symptoms even occur.

Causes: Too little food or skipping a meal; too much insulin or diabetes pills; more active than usual. Onset: Often sudden. TREAT by eating 3 to 4 glucose tablets or 3 to 5 hard candies you can chew quickly (such as peppermints), or by drinking 4-ounces of fruit juice, or 1/2 can of regular soda pop.


Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar glucose. Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel. The underlying cause of diabetes varies by type. But, no matter what type of diabetes you have, it can lead to excess sugar in your blood.

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It happens when blood sugar levels rise due to problems with the use or production of insulin. It can appear at any age, but it is more likely to occur after the age of 45 years.


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