Sociological Perspectives On Health And Illness Pdf
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- The Palgrave Handbook of Social Theory in Health, Illness and Medicine
- Introduction to the Sociology of Health and Illness
- A sociological perspective on the medical consultation
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The Palgrave Handbook of Social Theory in Health, Illness and Medicine
As this definition suggests, health is a multidimensional concept. Although the three dimensions of health just listed often affect each other, it is possible for someone to be in good physical health and poor mental health, or vice versa. Medicine refers to the social institution that seeks to prevent, diagnose, and treat illness and to promote health in its various dimensions. This social institution in the United States is vast, to put it mildly, and involves more than 11 million people physicians, nurses, dentists, therapists, medical records technicians, and many other occupations. Finally, health care refers to the provision of medical services to prevent, diagnose, and treat health problems. With these definitions in mind, we now turn to sociological explanations of health and health care.
Health and medicine are key areas of sociological specialization, but in the face of rapid global challenges, they are changing. The need for change is becoming more and more urgent and the relevance of some of the traditional approaches, frameworks and theoretical perspectives should be evaluated. The aim of this article is to reflect on this issue and to explore what could be done in response to scientific and societal developments. We argue that more innovative approaches and better research questions would guide us to be more responsive as medical sociologists. In particular, we think that interdisciplinary and translative work hold untapped potentials for our field. For quite some time, the sociology of health and medicine has been an important specialty of sociology. Over the past decades, there has been an active dialogue, not only within general sociology, but also within other scientific fields, most notably medicine and, more recently, social policy research and economics.
Sociology assumes that a functioning society depends upon healthy people and upon controlling illness. Parsons identified four components to the sick role. Society allows those who fulfill these criteria to assume the sick role, but society loses sympathy for and denies the role to those who appear to like it or those who do not seek treatment. In other cases, family and friends may show sympathy for a while, but lose patience with the victim and assume he or she is seeking attention or is a hypochondriac. Although many believe that science alone determines illness, this sociological view points out that society determines sickness as well.
Introduction to the Sociology of Health and Illness
In the functionalist model, Parsons argued that illness is a form of deviance that disturbs the social function of a society. Discuss the functionalist perspective on illness in society, specifically the role the sick play in a specific society and how that role affects others. Structural functionalism, or simply functionalism, is a framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability. This approach looks at society through a macro-level orientation, which is a broad focus on the social structures that shape society as a whole. This approach looks at both social structure and social functions. Herbert Spencer : Herbert Spencer was a prominent functionalist sociologist, who likened the functioning parts of society as organs within a body.
Each of the three major theoretical perspectives approaches the topics of health, illness, and medicine differently. You may prefer just one of the theories that follow, or you may find that combining theories and perspectives provides a fuller picture of how we experience health and wellness. According to the functionalist perspective, health is vital to the stability of the society, and therefore sickness is a sanctioned form of deviance. Talcott Parsons was the first to discuss this in terms of the sick role : patterns of expectations that define appropriate behavior for the sick and for those who take care of them. According to Parsons, the sick person has a specific role with both rights and responsibilities.
Вы его убили! - крикнула. - Вы его убили! - Она бросилась к экрану, протянула к нему руки. - Дэвид… Все пришли в смятение. Сьюзан шла вперед, повторяя это имя, ее глаза неотрывно смотрели на экран. - Дэвид! - воскликнула она, еле держась на ногах. - О, Дэвид… как они могли… Фонтейн растерялся: - Вы знаете этого человека. Сьюзан застыла в полутора метрах от экрана, ошеломленная увиденным, и все называла имя человека, которого любила.
A sociological perspective on the medical consultation
Глаза Сьюзан расширились. - Как прикажете это понимать. На лице Стратмора тут же появилось виноватое выражение.
Беккер вежливо улыбнулся и вышел на улицу - в душную севильскую ночь.
Он слышал собственный крик о помощи, но, кроме стука ботинок сзади и учащенного дыхания, утренняя тишина не нарушалась ничем. Беккер почувствовал жжение в боку. Наверное, за ним тянется красный след на белых камнях. Он искал глазами открытую дверь или ворота - любой выход из этого бесконечного каньона, - но ничего не .
Должно быть, это какая-то ошибка. Следопыт показывал адрес, не имеющий никакого смысла. Взяв себя в руки, она перечитала сообщение.