Difference Between Inquiry And Investigation Pdf

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This article is written by Vanya Verma from Alliance University. This is an exhaustive article which deals with Investigation, Inquiry and Trial, Mode of taking and Recording Evidence, Acquittal of the person again for the same offence, Appearance by public prosecutors and Permission to conduct a prosecution. This article covers Investigation, Inquiry and trial along with the mode of taking and recording evidence, its provisions and cases along with acquittal of the person again for the same offence, appearance by public prosecutors, permission to conduct a prosecution along with their provisions to give a detailed view to the reader.

Criminal Law: Difference between Inquiry and Investigation

The object of investigation- It includes all the proceedings under the Code for the collection of evidence. It was observed by the court that etymologically, the meaning of term investigation is that which includes any process involving sifting of materials or search of any relevant data for the purpose of ascertaining facts in issue in a matter in hand [1]. If investigating agencies conduct mala fide investigation, then it is open to correction by invoking the jurisdiction of the High Court under Art of the Constitution. CASES INVOLVED- The investigating agency and the investigating officer have a high degree of responsibility and ethical rectitude to ensure that the investigations are carried out without any bias and are conducted in all fairness not only to the accused person but also to the victim of any crime, whether the victim is an individual or the state [4]. It may be noted that a Magistrate is kept in the picture at all stages of the police investigation, but he is not authorized to interfere with the actual investigation or to direct the police on how the investigation is to be conducted [5]. The inquiry relates to the proceedings that are carried out by the Magistrate before a trial is done.

From Section to Section , the details of Inspection, Inquiry and Investigations are explained. The Shareholders of a Company have several rights, including those of the right to vote and elect their directors, right to convene board meetings, right to receive dividends and so on. Although, sometimes these shareholders are ill-equipped to exercise all their powers, and this is abused by those who control the majority of the affairs of the company. Thus, with the introduction of the Companies Act, , the Central Government through this Chapter of the Act, vested the shareholders with the powers to inspect, inquire and investigate the affairs of the company in appropriate situations where it could be believed that the business of the company was being done in a fraudulent or unfair manner. Investigation means to carry out a systematic or formal inquiry to discover and examine facts of an incident to establish the truth. In relation to the aspects of the Companies Act, an investigation refers to an exploration into the affairs of a company. The main aim of such investigations is to obtain any evidence or facts regarding any malpractice in the course of business, although this may not be the only reason.

So, every inquiry made by the court under the Cr. Inquiry must always be a forerunner to the trial. State of Maharashtra , 2 SCC , the Supreme Court held that the trial in a warrant case starts with the framing of charge; prior to it, the proceedings are only an inquiry. State of Punjab , 3 SCC 92 , a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court held that trial is distinct from an inquiry and must necessarily succeed it. The purpose of the trial is to fasten the responsibility upon a person on the basis of facts presented and evidence led in this behalf.

Difference between inquiry and trial in Criminal Procedure Code

Post a comment. Latest Articles. Friday, 9 December C Criminal Procedure Code. An investigation by the police commences with the first step taken by the police-officer in the matter of the offence and the culprit thereof. It does not always mean a judicial inquiry.

Difference Between Inquiry and Investigation

Man acquires knowledge through observation, inquiry, and investigation into things that interest him. In every aspect of his life, he uses these tools to provide him with information about everything in his world, especially the processes of inquiry and investigation. Through inquiry and investigation he is able to learn about his past, his body, and about the things in his surroundings including all that has happened in the past and all that is still happening in his environment.

Inspection, Inquiry and Investigation

An investigation is made by a police officer or by some person authorised by a magistrate. The object of an investigation is to collect evidence for the prosecution of the case. An investigation is the first stage of a criminal case. Investigation is not a judicial proceeding. An inquiry is made by magistrate or court.

 Вирус? - Его грубый хохот разнесся по подземелью.  - Так вы считаете, что это вирус. Фонтейн оставался невозмутимым. Грубость Джаббы была недопустима, но директор понимал, что сейчас не время и не место углубляться в вопросы служебной этики. Здесь, в командном центре, Джабба выше самого Господа Бога, а компьютерные проблемы не считаются со служебной иерархией.

На бумажке был электронный адрес Северной Дакоты. NDAKOTAARA. ANON. ORG Ее внимание сразу же привлекли буквы ARA - сокращенное название Анонимной рассылки Америки, хорошо известного анонимного сервера. Такие серверы весьма популярны среди пользователей Интернета, желающих скрыть свои личные данные. За небольшую плату они обеспечивают анонимность электронной почты, выступая в роли посредников.


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Он принялся рассматривать руки покойного. Ничего подобного ему никогда не приходилось видеть. На каждой руке всего по три пальца, скрюченных, искривленных. Но Беккера интересовало отнюдь не это уродство. - Боже ты мой, - пробормотал лейтенант из другого конца комнаты.  - Он японец, а не китаец. Беккер поднял .

Я искренне верю, что только мы можем спасти этих людей от их собственного невежества. Сьюзан не совсем понимала, к чему он клонит. Коммандер устало опустил глаза, затем поднял их вновь. - Сьюзан, выслушай меня, - сказал он, нежно ей улыбнувшись.  - Возможно, ты захочешь меня прервать, но все же выслушай до конца. Я читал электронную почту Танкадо уже в течение двух месяцев.

 Около часа, говоришь? - хмуро спросил.  - А что ты скажешь о проверках пределов памяти, которые мы выполняли. Сьюзан пожала плечами. - Ну, если вы имеете в виду и диагностику, то времени уходило. - Насколько. Сьюзан не понимала, к чему клонит Стратмор. - В марте я испробовала алгоритм с сегментированным ключом в миллион бит.

Differences between Inquiry and Investigation

Энсей Танкадо - единственный исполнитель в этом шоу.

Сьюзан встала и быстро подошла к громадному книжному шкафу с техническими руководствами, взяла с полки справочник с прошитым проволочной спиралью корешком и принялась его листать. Она нашла то, что искала, вернулась со справочником к своему терминалу, ввела несколько команд и подождала, пока компьютер проверит список команд, отданных за последние три часа. Сьюзан надеялась обнаружить внешнее воздействие - команду отключения, вызванную сбоем электропитания или дефектным чипом.

Стратмор закрыл дверцу холодильника и без тени волнения взглянул на Чатрукьяна. - Ты имеешь в виду работающий монитор. Чатрукьян растерялся.

По выражению его лица было ясно: то, что он собирается сказать, не понравится директору и остальным. - Этот червь, - начал он, - не обычный переродившийся цикл. Это избирательный цикл.

4 Comments

  1. Janina N. 01.06.2021 at 16:18

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  2. Paien B. 02.06.2021 at 04:16

    Post a comment.

  3. Galatee M. 06.06.2021 at 10:56

    Inquiry and Investigation- The Code of Criminal Procedure CrPC renders a separate and specific definition for both the terms, however owing to their dictionary meaning the two words are often confused and used interchangeably.

  4. Markus O. 07.06.2021 at 01:22

    refers to proceedings conducted by a Court or a Magistrate. An.