Comparison Between 1g 2g 3g And 4g Pdf Creator
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- Difference Between 1g 2g 3g 4g 5g Pdf Download
- Mobile Communication: From 1G to 4G
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It causes us great. Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission BTRC today officially disclosed its primary decision of making 5G internet service available in the. These are just the latest headaches for 5G, which has been marred by delayed rollouts, limited hardware tests, conflicting standards, political wrangling, and more.
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While some other countries had started their 5G deployment with excellent business use cases, Indonesia is restrained for a moment due to the unreadiness of 5G actors. Several factors which still need attention from 5G actors in Indonesia are telecommunication infrastructures such as spectrum frequency and transport, policy and regulation, innovation ecosystem and social impact.
Despite those concerning factors, there are also key drivers that stimulate the 5G deployment in Indonesia. They are demand and needs from end customers, cost reduction and additional revenue stream from mobile network operator, industry automation and country competitive advantage. Two scenarios are built using those key drivers following the scenario-based planning methodology. In order to perform with such requirements and capabilities, 5G needs several technology enablers which constantly developed.
These technologies elevate mobile network services compare to previous generation 4G. Meanwhile, beam forming help 5G to be more power-efficient compare to 4G due to this technology leads to focus energy to an engaged device instead of transmitting energy equally to all directions. The new enormous numbers of business use cases might birth from the low latency of fewer than 1 milliseconds, which will be felt as real time experience from the user's perspective.
As per , many countries have deployed 5G with different types of business cases. Several remarkable use cases are 5G network for data linking assembly line Mercedez and automotive 5G manufacturing electric microcar company e. In the meantime, Indonesia is still preparing infrastructures and policies for upcoming 5G deployment. This study aims to discuss two scenarios of 5G technology deployment in Indonesia with scenario planning methodology and select the most suitable one based on the analysis and discussion.
The scenarios are based on Key Drivers of 5G deployment in Indonesia. By looking at these two scenarios, hopefully, the 5G actors can get the big picture and outlook of 5G deployment in Indonesia. From there, expectantly those 5G actors could build a strategy to face this upcoming technology.
Indonesia is considered as unique with a form of the archipelago and high consumerism people in an emerging developing country. These two services were used by Indonesian people at least until Nurjanah, Competitors then started to come in which was Telkomsel in and Excelcomindo in Innovation came in as the first prepaid sim card introduces by three major operators.
This CDMA technology succeeded to grow mobile subscribers exponentially due to cheap handsets and services. At this moment, the fierce competition between mobile operators was started. The new services offered by 3G at that time were video call, streaming and internet browsing. The services of 4G have been very developed nowadays for Indonesia. In the early penetration, 4G was developed only for hot spot solution, since not so many people were using 4G. But now, 4G has changed the ways of living for people in Indonesia.
The use cases vary from online shopping, marketplace, IoT and smart house. Not just that, this mobile network solution has succeeded to educate many people of Indonesia in use more connectivity in their daily life, for example, the case of motorbike online transportation Gojek.
The fifth generation of mobile networks 5G was initially planned to be deployed in Indonesia in and foreseen to be the enhanced ways of living to the people and elevated ways of working for business and industries in Indonesia. However, due to many reasons, this deployment needs to be delayed and now in the stage of preparation.
This study provides possible conditions in the future for 5G deployment in Indonesia through scenario planning methodology. Through this research, 5G actors might be able to see the important things related to the technology and strategize the next acts.
Scenario planning is also defined as a tool and set of methodology that is used for better strategic planning and decision making, by classifying the big amount of data into possible scenarios or states in the field of research.
By figuring different scenarios, the decision-maker can experience the whole horizon possibilities rather than just rely on intuition or previous reasoning of decision making. They are tracking, analysing, imaging, deciding and acting. Tracking is to keep all the sensors open for both danger and opportunity. Analysing means to analyse that danger or opportunity and build possible scenarios. Imaging is an abstract process to try to feel all alternative scenarios by activating all censors.
Deciding is the process of selection after imaging all the scenarios. Scenario planning has been used in so many research fields such as organizational behaviour, environmental study, finance and human resource. This tool is also commonly used to future forecast conditions in a country problem.
Scenario planning is also common to be used for new upcoming technology deployment such as 5G. One study uses scenario planning and business modelling in 5G to build business models to seek the market. The results are fascinating, which is the identification of dominant services and 5G actors for each scenario. Another study discusses scenario planning for 5G in smart city using light poles on the street.
Those four scenarios could identify investment strategy with considerations of demand and competition. In Indonesia case, there are also studies for 5G using scenario planning as the tool. However, this study only did the part of tracking and analysing. Another study uses three-axis scenario planning to build eight possible conditions for 5G technology commercialization.
The first step is to identify key success factors for 5G technology commercialization itself. The results are three key success factors which are technology application value use cases , innovation ecosystem and complementary technologies.
After that, those factors are considered as the uncertainties and put on three axes non favourable to favourable. Eight possible scenarios occur based on that three-axis treatment.
This study proposes two scenarios based on key drivers, trend and uncertainties from the data. This research can also be considered as a complete sequence of TAIDA concept with high level proposed actions at the end of this study. These are the novelty of this study compare to the existing literature about 5G deployment in Indonesia.
This means the researcher builds the model by interpreting the ideas or constructs of respondents based on the explanation given by the respondents. Apart from that, scenario planning is used to explore the subject of this study. It is considered suitable because the goal of this study is to understand and discuss the outlook of new technology which coming to Indonesia, by showing possible conditions which might happen in the future.
With this methodology, it will be easy for 5G players in Indonesia to evaluate the deployment of previous-generation technology 4G , learning how to change action in the past, planning and innovate for better new technology implementation in the future.
This study uses the qualitative in-depth semi-structured interview and focus discussion group FGD on collecting the data. The respondents are twenty-one 21 experts in the ICT field, with experiences more than 15 years, even more than 30 years experiences. The job title of the respondents varies from the manager, senior manager, vice president and director level, as well as from the academic experts. With this data collection strategy, this study can build the two scenarios from as much as possible perspective.
Respondents were asked to list key drivers and uncertainties of 5G deployment in Indonesia. Respondents then asked to select the most scenario, which very likely happens to Indonesian case. Besides qualitative data from the interviews and FGD, this study is also completed with triangulation with secondary data from previous study, statistic, documents, and news on the internet. Specifically, the data about 5G updates which the respondents are not aware of.
The data from the interviews, FGD and webinar, show a fascinating range of information. The discussions spread almost to the whole aspects of the human being. They are not just considered about the technology-wise, but also from economic, social, ecosystem, industry, law and politic.
The first set of data is about key drivers for 5G deployment in Indonesia. What are the needs to deploy 5G in Indonesia, the drivers to change from the current situation? The answers from the respondents are varied and surprisingly cover a wide range of drivers with some repetitions.
The drivers could be categorized as global competition, government and national interest, end-users demand, needs to change from MNO, digitalization of vertical industries, the evolution of the entire ecosystem, technology influence from telecom vendors, economic benefit and solving social problems. The first key driver is about the global competition in 5G technology. Many countries now have 5G live networks in their territory. This somehow gives some push to Indonesia as a country to also adopt the same technology to catch the investments.
Indonesia, of course, do not want to be left behind and keep the effectiveness of regional cooperation. It is, of course, national interest to have more investment coming to Indonesia. One of the highlighted things by the investor is the technology adoption by that country. How successful the country digitalized its nation, increase the competitive advantage as well as resilience from becoming a disrupted country.
Investor desires to have relatively cheap labour as Indonesia combined with efficient technologies. Luckily, the government of Indonesia has already realized this matter. The mega project blueprint of moving capital city Jakarta to West Kalimantan in smart city concept is also considering 5G as the base of connectivity. The demand from end-users is also the essential driver for 5G deployment in Indonesia. Since Indonesian people are now so caught up with social media and online video, a huge amount of data is required.
One of the respondents from MNO said that the demand for data calls in Indonesia rise about 1. Besides that, the end-users are also hungry and thirsty of better quality and higher expectation. This expectation can be translated into new interesting and solving-the-problems applications and use cases for them. End users expect 5G solution to revolutionizes the processes in society and transform it into a digital society.
MNOs key driver to adopt 5G is to maintain sustainability by following the development of mobile network technology. A specific feature of 5G, which is low latency, will generate new business use cases, and eventually revenue streams for MNO, especially in B2B partnership with vertical industries. And if those key drivers seem too optimistic, at least MNOs get additional bandwidth for 5G compare to an existing full pack of frequency.
Vendors telecommunication, on the other hand, is the technology influencer who provide MNOs with various examples of business use cases. In the future, MNOs seek consultation from vendors to approach to vertical industries to discuss together the real business use cases. The big chances in 5G compare to the previous generation is its impact on vertical industries. Features in 5G create a huge possibility of broad innovations for applications and use cases.
Difference Between 1g 2g 3g 4g 5g Pdf Download
While some other countries had started their 5G deployment with excellent business use cases, Indonesia is restrained for a moment due to the unreadiness of 5G actors. Several factors which still need attention from 5G actors in Indonesia are telecommunication infrastructures such as spectrum frequency and transport, policy and regulation, innovation ecosystem and social impact. Despite those concerning factors, there are also key drivers that stimulate the 5G deployment in Indonesia. They are demand and needs from end customers, cost reduction and additional revenue stream from mobile network operator, industry automation and country competitive advantage. Two scenarios are built using those key drivers following the scenario-based planning methodology.
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Mobile Communication: From 1G to 4G
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The comparison between1g vs 2g vs 3g vs 4g vs 5g helps analyze capabilities of each of the technologies and features that can be supported by each of them. During 1G Wireless phones are used forvoice only. Duri ng 2G Cellular phones are used for data also along with voice.
It is the upgrade for 2. This ensures it can be applied to wireless voice telephony, mobile Internet access, fixed wireless Internet access, video calls and mobile TV technologies. A new generation of cellular standards has appeared approximately every tenth year since 1G systems were introduced in and the early to mids. Each generation is characterized by new frequency bands, higher data rates and non—backward-compatible transmission technology. The first commercial 3G networks were introduced in mid
Any radiotelephone capable of operating while moving at any speed, battery operated and small enough to be carried by a person comes under the mobile communication systems. These communication systems may have different facilities. The different types of mobile communication systems are a mobile two-way radio, public land radio, mobile telephone and amateur HAM radio. Mobile two-way radios are one-to-many communication systems that operate in half-duplex mode, i. The most common among this type is citizen band CB radio, which uses amplitude modulation AM.
2G digital wireless technologies increased voice capacity delivering mobile to the masses. 5. 3G optimized mobile for data enabling mobile.
Это не лишено смысла. Джабба сразу понял, что Сьюзан права.
Давайте скорее. Попробуем порыскать. ГЛАВА 125 - Сколько у нас времени? - крикнул Джабба. Техники в задней части комнаты не откликнулись.