Thin Film Growth Physics Materials Science And Applications Pdf
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- Materials science of thin films - ohring
- The Materials Science of Thin Films by Milton Ohring
- Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Thin Film-Based Active Elements and Devices
Materials science of thin films - ohring
A thin film is a layer of material ranging from fractions of a nanometer monolayer to several micrometers in thickness. The controlled synthesis of materials as thin films a process referred to as deposition is a fundamental step in many applications. A familiar example is the household mirror , which typically has a thin metal coating on the back of a sheet of glass to form a reflective interface. The process of silvering was once commonly used to produce mirrors, while more recently the metal layer is deposited using techniques such as sputtering. Advances in thin film deposition techniques during the 20th century have enabled a wide range of technological breakthroughs in areas such as magnetic recording media , electronic semiconductor devices , Integrated passive devices , LEDs , optical coatings such as antireflective coatings , hard coatings on cutting tools, and for both energy generation e. It is also being applied to pharmaceuticals, via thin-film drug delivery.
Ultrathin ferroelectric films are of increasing interests these years, owing to the need of device miniaturization and their wide spectrum of appealing properties. Recent advanced deposition methods and characterization techniques have largely broadened the scope of experimental researches of ultrathin ferroelectric films, pushing intensive property study and promising device applications. This review aims to cover state-of-the-art experimental works of ultrathin ferroelectric films, with a comprehensive survey of growth methods, characterization techniques, important phenomena and properties, as well as device applications. The strongest emphasis is on those aspects intimately related to the unique phenomena and physics of ultrathin ferroelectric films. Prospects and challenges of this field also have been highlighted. Ferroelectrics are defined as polar materials that possess at least two equilibrium orientations of the spontaneous polarization vector in absence of an external electric field, and can be switched between those orientations by an electric field [ 1 ].
Chapter 8: Thin film growth for thermally unstable noble-metal nitrides by reactive magnetron sputtering. Chapter Controlled buckling of thin films on compliant substrates for stretchable electronics. Thin film technology is used in many applications such as microelectronics, optics, hard and corrosion resistant coatings and micromechanics, and thin films form a uniquely versatile material base for the development of novel technologies within these industries. Thin film growth provides an important and up-to-date review of the theory and deposition techniques used in the formation of thin films. Part one focuses on the theory of thin film growth, with chapters covering nucleation and growth processes in thin films, phase-field modelling of thin film growth and surface roughness evolution.
The Materials Science of Thin Films by Milton Ohring
Thin-film science and technology play a crucial role in the high-tech industries that will bear the main burden of future American competitiveness. While the major exploitation of thin films has been in microelectronics, there are numerous and growing applications in communications, optical electronics, coatings of all kinds, and in energy generation and conservation strategies. A great many sophisticated analytical instruments and techniques, largely developed to characterize thin films and surfaces, have already become indispensable in virtually every scientific endeavor irrespective of discipline. When I was called upon to offer a course on thin films, it became a genuine source of concern to me that there were no suitable textbooks available on this unquestionably important topic. This book, written with a materials science flavor, is a response to this need.
Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Thin Film-Based Active Elements and Devices
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Thin film technology is used in many applications such as microelectronics, optics, hard and corrosion resistant coatings and micromechanics, and thin films form a uniquely versatile material base for the development of novel technologies within these industries. Thin film growth provides an important and up-to-date review of the theory and deposition techniques used in the formation of thin films. Part one focuses on the theory of thin film growth, with chapters covering nucleation and growth processes in thin films, phase-field modelling of thin film growth and surface roughness evolution. Part two covers some of the techniques used for thin film growth, including oblique angle deposition, reactive magnetron sputtering and epitaxial growth of graphene films on single crystal metal surfaces. This section also includes chapters on the properties of thin films, covering topics such as substrate plasticity and buckling of thin films, polarity control, nanostructure growth dynamics and network behaviour in thin films.
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