Images Of Deviance And Social Control A Sociological History Pdf

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images of deviance and social control a sociological history pdf

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ISBN 13: 9780070497573

Psychopathy and sociopathy both refer to personality disorders that involve anti-social behaviour, diminished empathy, and lack of inhibitions. In clinical analysis, these analytical categories should be distinguished from psychosis, which is a condition involving a debilitating break with reality. The term psychopathy is often used to emphasize that the source of the disorder is internal, based on psychological, biological, or genetic factors, whereas sociopathy is used to emphasize predominant social factors in the disorder: The social or familial sources of its development and the inability to be social or abide by societal rules Hare, In this sense sociopathy would be the sociological disease par excellence. It entails an incapacity for companionship socius , yet many accounts of sociopaths describe them as being charming, attractively confident, and outgoing Hare, In a modern society characterized by the predominance of secondary rather than primary relationships, the sociopath or psychopath functions, in popular culture at least, as a prime index of contemporary social unease.

The concept of deviance is complex because norms vary considerably across groups, times, and places. In other words, what one group may consider acceptable, another may consider deviant. For example, in some parts of Indonesia, Malaysia, and Muslim Africa, women are circumcised. In America, the thought of female circumcision, or female genital mutilation as it is known in the United States, is unthinkable; female genital mutilation, usually done in unsanitary conditions that often lead to infections, is done as a blatantly oppressive tactic to prevent women from having sexual pleasure. A number of theories related to deviance and criminology have emerged within the past 50 years or so. For example, juvenile gangs provide an environment in which young people learn to become criminals.

Images of Deviance and Social Control

In criminology , social control theory proposes that exploiting the process of socialization and social learning builds self-control and reduces the inclination to indulge in behavior recognized as antisocial. It derives from functionalist theories of crime and was developed by Ivan Nye , who proposed that there were three types of control:. Social control theory proposes that people's relationships, commitments, values, norms, and beliefs encourage them not to break the law. Thus, if moral codes are internalized and individuals are tied into and have a stake in their wider community, they will voluntarily limit their propensity to commit deviant acts. The theory seeks to understand the ways in which it is possible to reduce the likelihood of criminality developing in individuals. It does not consider motivational issues, simply stating that human beings may choose to engage in a wide range of activities, unless the range is limited by the processes of socialization and social learning.

Stephen Pfohl 10 Estimated H-index: Find in Lib. Add to Collection. References 0 Citations Social structure and Anomie. Read Later. Outsiders: Studies in The Sociology of Deviance.


lotusdream.org: Images of Deviance & Social Control: A Sociological History (​): Stephen Pfohl: Books.


Images of Deviance and Social Control: A Sociological History

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Images of Deviance and Social Control: A Sociological History

A very scholarly, upper-level text examining deviance and social control using nine major theoretical perspectives. For each perspective, Pfohl describes the basic theoretical images of deviance; discusses dominant research strategies and social control policies; locates the perspective within a general sociohistorical framework; discusses its status today; and assesses its strengths and weaknesses.

Social control theory

Sociological theories of deviance are those that use social context and social pressures to explain deviance. The study of social deviance is the study of the violation of cultural norms in either formal or informal contexts. Social deviance is a phenomenon that has existed in all societies with norms.

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Images of deviance and social control : a sociological history

A very scholarly, upper-level text examining deviance and social control using nine major theoretical perspectives. For each perspective, Pfohl describes the basic theoretical images of deviance; discusses dominant research strategies and social control policies; locates the perspective within a general sociohistorical framework; discusses its status today; and assesses its strengths and weaknesses. A persuasive theme is that power relations, which are socially organized, shape a person's perception, definition, and reaction to deviance; thus, the study of deviance and social control is decidedly political.

Он подбежал к кассе. - El vuelo a los Estados Unidos.

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  1. Kopramethment 31.05.2021 at 03:45

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