Kristin Thompson And David Bordwell Film History An Introduction Pdf
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Film History: An Introduction
The Cine-Files: What is at stake in close reading? Cinematic technique was thought to be closely comparable to a language, with coded units and grammar. I usually use interpretation as part of analysis, but it is seldom my main goal. Analysis, loosely speaking, to me means noting patterns in the relationship of the individual devices in a film devices being techniques of style and form to each other and figuring out why those patterns are there.
What purposes do they serve? What is at stake in close analysis depends on what sort of analysis one is doing. My own purposes for analysis fall into at least these categories:. Hulot and Play Time , in both cases because I admired them and wanted to be able to understand and appreciate them better. I go on the simple assumption that we can only be entertained and moved by films to the degree that we notice things in them. One might analyze a film in order to answer a question, often to do with the nature of cinema in general.
To make a case that a film is significant and suggest why others should pay attention to it. I had written a book, The Frodo Franchise: The Lord of the Rings and Modern Hollywood University of California Press, , primarily on the marketing and merchandising surrounding the film and on its many influences.
Bogstad and Philip E. Kaveny, eds. Close analysis can be vital for writing about film history. For example, David and I have studied films closely to determine what the stylistic and narrative norms are for a given period and place and what films were innovative in relation to those norms.
Rather than examining a single film closely, such an approach involves analyzing multiple films to find commonalities and divergences. There had been many claims in academic and journalistic writings that the norms of Hollywood storytelling had declined after the end of the studio era and that we were now in a post-classical era. I did case studies of ten such films, dating from the late s to the early s, going through each scene by scene.
I chose the ten films because I liked them, but others would have made my point equally well. There can be lots of ways of looking closely at the parts of a film and relating them to other parts. Take a simple example, there are eleven shots across the length of Late Spring that include a sewing machine off to one side of the frame. No two of these shots are the same, though they often are only small variations on each other, with the machine closer or further from the camera, sometimes on the left, sometimes the right, and so on.
The series culminates late in the film, after the daughter has married and left her widowed father living alone. We see a similar framing along a corridor, and the space formerly occupied by the sewing machine is empty. Many viewers probably vaguely notice that there is a sewing machine in the house. A few may notice its eventual absence late in the film. But even someone who watches the film over and over and at some point notices that there is a meaningful pattern of the sewing-machine shots would not be able to describe it.
I suspected that the sewing-machine shots were small variations on each other, but were there some repetitions? How many were there? I was only able to get a good understanding of how the motif worked by photographing all twelve shots and comparing them side by side— and having the luxury to reproduce all twelve frame enlargements in my book. What point is there in analyzing such a motif in detail? To go back to my point at the beginning, we can only appreciate a film to the extent that we notice things about it.
KT: One obvious answer is that digital technologies allow anything that could be published in printed form to be offered online. Whether written for consumption via the Internet or already published and then scanned to be posted, online criticism offers some obvious advantages no lag in publication time, no need to hunt for a press and disadvantages no real guarantee of long-term survival, often no academic reward for publishing through a non-refereed process.
David Bordwell and I have posted many entries involving close analysis on our blog. Perhaps more interesting is the question of what critical tools digital technologies offer for analysis itself. In past decades, David and I had to rig up elaborate camera-and-bellows systems to photograph frames from prints of films—as well as to travel far and depend on the hospitality of archivists to gain access to those prints.
Nowadays DVDs and Blu-rays bring hitherto rare films to the critic, and readily available players and apps allow for relatively easy capture of frames for illustration purposes. If the essay or book based on close analysis using such tools is to go online, it also becomes practical to reproduce a great many more frames as illustrations than would be possible in a print publication. The possibility of using short clips as illustrations is very promising, especially once electronic textbooks get past the trial stages.
Video essays analyzing films are still a new format but show great potential. Their usefulness will depend on how the issue of copyright plays out. Being able to use moving images complete with sound as well as still frames from films will be an extraordinarily useful tool. I hope critics using digital tools for analysis will take the trouble to create analyses as complex as one can achieve through description in printed prose.
This would mean editing together stills and short segments from across a film, recording voiceover comments, adding graphics where useful, and so on. Close analysis of this type will always be a labor-intensive process. In , Kristin Thompson received her Ph.
They maintain a blog, Observations on Film Art. She is also an Egyptologist and has worked for eleven seasons at Tell el-Amarna, registering, studying, and publishing on statuary fragments. Kristin Thompson. My own purposes for analysis fall into at least these categories: 1.
No other artistic medium uses, displays, produces, and interprets money as systematically as film does. Of course, David has authored, co-authored, and edited numerous other books and essays, but we would need a special issue to document his full bibliography. More to the point, David is so deeply immersed in—so thoroughly a master of—the history, the aesthetics, and the economies of film that were his subject matter poetry he would resemble the paragon of historical creativity famously described by T. Eliot in "Tradition and the Individual Talent. Plan for the conference, and find out in person. To preserve the atmosphere of the event, Laura has kept the text in its presentational format, and I have included, with minor revisions, my original and campy introduction of her at the keynote banquet.
Your browser may not be compatible with all the features on this site. II "Film Form" examines both narrative and nonnarrative formal systems in film, using "Citizen Kane" as a case study for narrative form. Since , David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson's Film Art has been the best-selling and most widely respected introduction to the analysis of cinema. Please do not remove the book mark. No search function. How different would it be to see the same scene from above happen as an objective observer versus one of the char-acters? Collection of photos showing Cinema Palace chairs, lighting and plaster.
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Request PDF | Film History: An Introduction / | Bibliogr. s. Gianetti and Eyman (), David Cook (), David Bordwell and Kristin Thompson ().
ISBN 13: 9780077107451
This introduction to film art explains the techniques specific to film as a medium, discusses the principles by which entire films are constructed, and explores how these techniques and formal principles have changed over the history of moviemaking. Frame enlargements are used to illuminate concepts, and there is information on the latest film technology, such as the computer and special effects used in shooting "Jurassic Park". This edition includes a new chapter dealing with types of films and the concept of genre; and there is also a new section on "The New Hollywood" and independent film-making. In addition, there is a new appendix on selected Internet reference sites in film from the World Wide Web.
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