Billing And Metering Of Services In Cloud Computing Pdf

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A Cloud Billing account defines who pays for a given set of Google Cloud resources. To use Google Cloud services, you must have a valid Cloud Billing account, and must link it to your Google Cloud projects. Your project's Google Cloud usage is charged to the linked Cloud Billing account. You must have a valid Cloud Billing account even if you are in your free trial period or if you only use Google Cloud resources that are covered by the Google Cloud Free Tier. Understanding the Google Cloud Free Program.

Advance Billing and Metering Architecture for Infrastructure as a Service

To browse Academia. Skip to main content. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. To learn more, view our Privacy Policy. Log In Sign Up. Download Free PDF. Sukhpal Singh Gill. Download PDF. A short summary of this paper. Until Billing is considered as a last essential ability, appropriate framework cannot be provided to IaaS cloud consumers.

In this paper, IaaS Online Billing System IOBS has been Keyword: proposed that describes transparency of consumption, billing and frequency of usage of services for a cloud based pay per use system. This system IaaS Infrastructure describes various interactions of network and user interface. All rights reserved. Email: ssgill hotmail. Via Cloud, users can leverage the power of highly distributed Internet or the high computing power made available by grid engines [3].

IaaS refers to computing infrastructure comprising of networking, hardware, virtualized operating systems and software servers offered as a service. Service Oriented Architecture is a paradigm for organizing and utilizing distributed capabilities that may be under the control of different ownership domains.

Service is a mechanism to enable access to one or more capabilities, where the access is provided using a prescribed interface and is exercised consistent with constraints and policies as specified by the service description [1]. Users always want transparency of consumption and billings [4]. IaaS is one of the key components of cloud computing where billing is a challenging task. As Cloud services and infrastructure scales up, billing management complexity increases and efficient billing management technique are required.

To increase the efficiency of IaaS cloud, we concentrate on billing. The IaaS Online Billing System is particularly useful for cost estimating and comparing because there is large variability in the cost of various infrastructures provided by different IaaS providers. For example, if there are four different users accessing the billing system simultaneously, it is not possible in traditional billing models.

Thus, concurrency is introduced in this system and time is also reduced. The inspiration of our work trunks from the challenges in estimating and comparing the cost of IaaS cloud resources, services and infrastructure. The system will be changed according to the user requirements through the feedback. The purpose of our effort is to provide the efficient billing model along with constraints pointed out above. This paper presents billing framework and pay per use policy.

This paper is organized as follows: Section 2 presents related work. Section 4 presents framework execution. The objectives and guarantees are presented in Section 6. Section 7 describes the performance and results of IOBS. The contribution of proposed solution has been explained in Section 8. Section 9 concludes the whole work and future work has been described in Section Rajkumar Buyya et. As per Luis M. Vaquero [5] the employment of advanced billing mechanisms allowing for a pay-per-use model for shared multitenant resources, the simplified programming mechanisms Infrastructure , etc.

Jean-Paul Smets-Solanes et. Jason Meiers et. The CGI white paper has introduced an approach to describe the advantage of cloud computing in an enterprise paying for use, which translates to accurate usage measurement and billing with a large number of users [10]. According to this paper, flexibility should be the key feature in the billing system.

Sushil Bhardwaj et. In this approach, the author only focuses on Third Party Cloud Infrastructure [6]. These solutions facilitate the easing of cash-flow management for finance staff as the cloud pricing model has minimal upfront cost and monthly billing, and it also minimizes variability of expenditure on electricity.

Ahmed Mihoob et. Stefan Tai et. But what are appropriate costs, pricing and billing models both from a consumer and a service provider viewpoint? How do we calculate costs, compare alternatives, estimate risks and determine value of traditional versus Cloud Computing solutions? With the help of this approach we cannot estimate the cost [8].

Georgios Gousios et. This approach provides portability but desired performance cannot be achieved. CISCO white paper presented that the service should be provided through fixed billing price [12], this is expensive for short term use. In this approach, the consumer is billed the same amount every month without consideration for actual usage. Ang Li et. Matthew Wachs et. Maik Lindner et. Yousef et al. In fact, most offerings by public IaaS providers, including Amazon and Azure, offer services charged according to Yousef models.

Work on resource accounting and billing has been carried out in the context of cloud federation [19, 20, 21] and earlier grid federation projects. The Reservoir project investigated the use of service level agreements [19] for resource provisioning in federated cloud scenarios. On the cloud computing front, vendors such as VMware, Microsoft and IBM pro-vides a full stack solution, which also include resource accounting.

Usually, such systems connect to existing enterprise resource planning systems. U bersmith has developed an engine dedicated to resource accounting. Much like Aquarium, it tracks resource usage and applies accounting policies to it. Ruiz-Agundez et al. To the best of our knowledge, the Aquarium is the first working open source system to offer declaratively configurable charging and accounting services for IaaS deployments.

We had conducted a survey on the number of approaches existing for billing and price plan for Iaas individually, but the proposed architecture combines [1] both into a single approach for achieving an IJ-CLOSER Vol.

Presently there is no such approach as presented in proposed model which combines billing and price plan management. However there are different techniques which tried to solve the billing problem but unable to provide interaction of all the different collaborations simultaneously. In this paper user interaction has been designed and presented in UML and thus the verification of this model and interaction has been done using the Unified Modeling Language.

The interactions are better represented and validated through the objects and dependencies. The implementation of IOBS enables the customer, provider, budget manager, agents and payment requirements. This framework improves satisfaction of various collaborations and contributes directly to organization development.

Cloud users may require adjustments in the services from time to time and user expects easy access to IaaS cloud services from various locations, quick response to their billing queries, any time availability of the system, no loss and secure handling of their data and transactions. Requirements of Aggregated Budget Management RABM Budget manager needs to upgrade their infrastructure time to time for fulfilling the requirements of every cloud user and provider and attract the customers by giving a discount based on usage.

Requirements of Infrastructure Provider RIP The service or cloud provider is interested in ensuring cloud user satisfaction by offering a billing system that acts as an easy to use one stop shop for IaaS services that allow estimation of cost with a discount and taxation.

The billing system should be able to interoperate with heterogeneous systems of cloud user, budgeted management, third party engagement and net banking and be able to withstand technology advances. Requirements of Third Party Engagement RTPE The agents are interested to keep the latest details of tenants and services, they are estimating their intermediate commission based on these details and pay per use and type of customer, whether it is regular or not.

Requirements of Banks RBN The bank needs the automation system for calculation of estimated total cost instead of manual like drafts or cheques. Online payment automation calculates total estimated cost based on the pay per use and adds the tax according to type of customer. The cloud user should pay through net banking only to avoid the unnecessary calculations as well as maintenance of manual records.

This service provides quick verification of payment and user will be able to use services immediately. The system should be designed for reliability, security, flexibility and usability. The various organizations like customers, providers, budget management, third party and payment system should interact concurrently in an efficient manner and regularly update the databases with concurrency control. Logical components of IOBS 3.

The Figure 2 shows the survey conducted by us that explains the ratio of collaborations of various organizations with IOBS. The cloud user selects the various services managed by service management dashboard according to the requirements after registration. Budget manager manages all the discounts on current services and resources and upgrade the infrastructure as technology changes and feedback provided by billing system stakeholders.

The user selects the services and generates the report consist of the total estimated cost along with services, tax, discount and other expenditures, also mailed to the respective user.

The frequency of billing should be maintained according to the use of services and resources for further interpretation regarding updates or addition of existing or new services.

The billing rules should be displayed to each stakeholder along with discount, tax and intermediate charges. The billing system displays Policy Based Services along with the cost, rules of use and instructions: The services like storage service, network services with some other issues: load balancing, fault tolerance, dynamic scaling, Virtualization management and internet connectivity.

The system provides all types of support like forum, premium and advance premium underprice plan management. Figure 2. The various collaborations in IOBS 3. Every stakeholder is provided with a particular fixed set of user privileges for viewing, updating, deleting services as well as users, every customer is authorized to perform these tasks and also every cloud provider is authenticated by username and password given to stakeholder and provided with each and every right like viewing, updating, deleting and creating services.

A more responsive, more integrated, analysis-driven approach to security is provided. The explosion of data presents inevitable challenges for data security and privacy.

Cloud metering and billing

Cloud computing considerably reduces the costs of deploying applications through on-demand, automated and fine-granular allocation of resources. Even in private settings, cloud computing platforms enable agile and self-service management, which means that physical resources are shared more efficiently. Nevertheless, using shared infrastructures also creates more opportunities for attacks and data breaches. In this paper, we describe the SecureCloud approach. The SecureCloud project aims to enable confidentiality and integrity of data and applications running in potentially untrusted cloud environments. The project leverages technologies such as Intel SGX, OpenStack and Kubernetes to provide a cloud platform that supports secure applications.

The AWS Marketplace Metering Service is a pricing and metering feature that sellers can use to directly charge for their software by one of four usage categories: users, data, bandwidth, or hosts. Products that use the Metering Service must charge customers along a single usage category, but you can define up to 24 dimensions of a single category. Depending on the category, software can be priced by provisioned resources, concurrent resources, or accumulated resource consumption. All charges are still incurred hourly by the customer. All usage is calculated and billed monthly using the same mechanism as existing AWS Marketplace software. For example, if your software monitors hosts, you can charge for each host monitored.

Read more. Alignment of IT resources with their cost can determine the profitability and allocation of cost per department or user. This article describes the metering and billing options available for well-established cloud computing models as well as models offered by developing technology. Each available cloud model has its own spin on how resource allocation is determined, and that spin is different from traditional IT business models in terms of affordability and the expense model in use. Lower cost and improved allocation of IT resources per service changes from capital expenditure for the common IT department to operational expenditure for the service and user.

Secure end-to-end processing of smart metering data

Сьюзан посмотрела на. Сидя рядом с великим Тревором Стратмором, она невольно почувствовала, что страхи ее покинули. Переделать Цифровую крепость - это шанс войти в историю, принеся громадную пользу стране, и Стратмору без ее помощи не обойтись. Хоть и не очень охотно, она все же улыбнулась: - Что будем делать. Стратмор просиял и, протянув руку, коснулся ее плеча.

Она села за терминал Джаббы и перепечатала все группы, а закончив, подбежала к Сьюзан. Все посмотрели на экран. PFEE SESN RETM MFHA IRWE ENET SHAS DCNS IIAA IEER OOIG MEEN NRMA BRNK FBLE LODI Улыбалась одна только Сьюзан. - Нечто знакомое, - сказала.  - Блоки из четырех знаков, ну прямо ЭНИГМА.

Metering service

Колокола звонили где-то совсем рядом, очень громко. Беккер чувствовал жжение в боку, но кровотечение прекратилось. Он старался двигаться быстрее, знал, что где-то позади идет человек с пистолетом.

И снова. - На маршруте двадцать семь их отсоединяют.  - Панк снова сплюнул в проход.

 Увы, - сказал Нуматака, которому уже наскучило играть, - мы оба знаем, что Танкадо этого так не оставит.

Но если не считать его изрядно устаревших представлений о рыцарстве, Дэвид, по мнению Сьюзан, вполне соответствовал образцу идеального мужчины. Внимательный и заботливый, умный, с прекрасным чувством юмора и, самое главное, искренне интересующийся тем, что она делает. Чем бы они ни занимались - посещали Смитсоновский институт, совершали велосипедную прогулку или готовили спагетти у нее на кухне, - Дэвид всегда вникал во все детали. Сьюзан отвечала на те вопросы, на которые могла ответить, и постепенно у Дэвида сложилось общее представление об Агентстве национальной безопасности - за исключением, разумеется, секретных сторон деятельности этого учреждения.


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    Cloud computing [1] is the on-demand availability of computer system resources , especially data storage cloud storage and computing power , without direct active management by the user.

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