Modes Of Melodic Minor And Harmonic Minor Pdf Bass Guitar
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In music theory , the term minor scale refers to three scale patterns — the natural minor scale or Aeolian mode , the harmonic minor scale , and the melodic minor scale ascending or descending  — rather than just one as with the major scale. In each of these scales, the first, third, and fifth scale degrees form a minor triad rather than a major triad , as in a major scale.
- Modes of the Harmonic Minor Scale
- Harmonic major scale
- 4 Important Applications of the Melodic Minor Scale
- The Bass Player’s Guide to Scales & Modes (PDF Edition)
Modes are absolutely huge for your creativity as a bass player. So many people are confused by them, but you needn't be. For an explanation and some tips on how to memorise them, be sure to thoroughly study these lessons:.
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Modes of the Harmonic Minor Scale
Another important minor scale to discuss is the melodic minor scale. The melodic minor scale, like harmonic minor, also has a raised 7th compared to natural minor. This raised 7th , just as in the harmonic minor scale, gives us a major triad or dominant 7th V chord in a minor key.
Melodic minor, however, differs from the natural minor scale by also having a 6th that is a half-step higher. The melodic minor scale is like natural minor, but with a raised 6th and 7th.
Remember the unusual one-and-a-half step interval between the 6 and 7 of the harmonic minor scale? That minor third jump is thought to be a little melodically awkward. The melodic minor scale, with its raised 6th, gets rid of the one-and-a-half step leap between the 6 and 7 of the harmonic minor scale.
By changing the 6th note, the scale is back to a combination of whole-steps and half-steps and is made more melody-friendly Notice the fingering here. If you use your first finger on the 4th degree and your fourth finger on the 5th degree of the scale, it makes shifting smoother. Your fingers compress and then stretch back out. This is a good technique to learn, and it will show up in other musical shapes on the fretboard later on.
Here's the unusual bit. There are two forms of the melodic minor scale: ascending and descending. The ascending melodic minor scale is what I've just described—a natural minor scale with a raised 6th and 7th.
The descending melodic minor scale is another name for the natural minor scale. It was felt when melodies descended the scale, it sounded better with the flatted 6th and 7th, and while melodies ascended through the scale it sounded better with the raised 6th and 7th. To other musicians, like jazz musicians, 'melodic minor' simply refers to the ascending form of the melodic minor scale.
Typically, musicians will just call the descending melodic minor by the name 'natural minor. You can expect to see and hear of these these distinctions of ascending and descending melodic minor scales, but don't worry too much about them. When people discuss the melodic minor scale in modern music they are most often speaking of the ascending form. The intervallic structure of the melodic minor scale is like the natural minor scale except it has a major 6th instead of a minor 6th and a major 7th instead of the minor 7th found in the natural minor scale.
Another way of viewing the melodic minor scale is, instead of it being a natural minor scale with a raised 6th and 7th, think of it as a major scale with a flatted third.
I find students remember it better this way. The melodic minor scale is so named because it has melodic importance. By now, do I need to remind you of a bass player's biggest functions? Rhythm and harmony. I knew you didn't forget! Yes, we can and do play melodically. Yes, we can and do play solos.
But, what we're most expected to do is rhythmically define the harmony. I'm not saying you can't or won't use this scale. You will. And, depending on the style, you may use it extensively jazz. Where you will most likely apply this scale in an everyday bassline is when you need to avoid clashing with a song's melody which uses this melodic minor scale. The troublesome note for the bass player will be the 6th of this melodic minor scale.
If you're not listening or unaware, you might try playing a fill or passing tone using the 6th from the wrong minor scale as a passing note or melodic fill note. You will probably hear that this note sounds off or funny, and hopefully you will hear what to do next time.
Here are a few song examples using the melodic minor scale. Notice I'm pointing out the notes of the singing part Melodic minor Walking basslines, as found in jazz, would be somewhere you might pay attention to using the right passing tone from the appropriate minor scale.
You might notice this scale tends to occur over the V chord in a minor key. Not always, but you might listen more closely or avoid the 6th of the minor scale as a passing note altogether. This is a good reminder that when learning a song one should not only learn the chord progression, but the melody, too. A song is melody and harmony. Bass players often forget this and just focus on the chords. Hear the song as a whole. Once again, just as we can build chords from the major, natural minor and harmonic minor scales, we can do the same with the melodic minor scale.
And, it's different from the harmonic minor sound as well. Again, at this stage in the StudyBass lessons, it's not essential for you to master these melodic minor scale chords just yet.
Like the harmonic minor scale chords, these will show up in the future as needed. Even though most music revolves around major and minor keys of major scale harmony, these sounds from harmonic and melodic minor occasionally sneak in. Where you will most often experience both of these scales is on V chords in minor keys.
Later, you will learn there are many advanced uses of the melodic minor scale, its chords and other scales derived from it. For now, be aware of the melodic minor scale, but don't worry about memorizing all of its chords.
Harmonic major scale
The melodic minor scale seems to be a big mystery to many jazz musicians. The purpose of this article is to shed some light on this mysterious scale without going into too much technical detail. Further study on your own can reap tremendous rewards in your improvising by playing around with some of the ideas introduced in this article. The melodic minor scale is of course a minor scale, which means it contains a minor chord with the root, b3rd, and 5th. There are 5 types of minor scales:. In classical theory, the melodic minor is unique in that the 6th and 7th scale degree are different depending on whether you are ascending or descending. It ascends 1, 2, b3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, but descends as a natural minor scale, with the lowered 6th and 7th 8, b7, b6, 5, 4, b3, 2, 1.
The melodic minor scale is one of the most useful scales in jazz. In this lesson, you will learn what the melodic minor modes are, how they look on the guitar and how you can use them in your solos. All the modes on this page have the A root, so you can hear the difference between the scales. There is a sample lick included at the end of each mode description and fingering so that you can hear and play these modes in a musical situation. If this is the first time you hear about guitar modes or you are not sure how to use modes in jazz, learn the modes of the major scale first.
Modes of a scale are constructed by moving the tonic on the different degrees of this scale. By following the links below, you will learn how to play the seven modes taken from the harmonic scale. Each page includes scale shapes, formula charts, guitar tabs and several exercises for a better understanding of this minor scale. It is the most used of the seven modes. Harmonic minor mode VII. The Harmonic Minor Scale Guitar Diagrams and Charts This jazz guitar lesson explains how to play the harmonic minor scale on guitar and provides some guitar diagrams, scale charts and jazz guitar licks to master it. The Locrian Natural 6 Mode - Guitar Diagrams and Theory This guitar lesson show you how to build and how to play the Locrian natural 6 mode aka Locrian 6 mode, the second mode of the harmonic minor scale.
4 Important Applications of the Melodic Minor Scale
Each major key uses a different set of notes its major scale. In each major scale, however, the notes are arranged in the same major scale pattern and build the same types of chords that have the same relationships with each other. See Beginning Harmonic Analysis for more on this. So music that is in, for example, C major, will not sound significantly different from music that is in, say, D major. But music that is in D minor will have a different quality, because the notes in the minor scale follow a different pattern and so have different relationships with each other.
The Bass Player’s Guide to Scales & Modes (PDF Edition)
In music theory , the harmonic major scale is a musical scale found in some music from the common practice era and now used occasionally, most often in jazz. It may also be generated by reversing and rotating the succession of intervals in the harmonic minor scale. It contains the following chords, which are also considered borrowed from the parallel minor: the dominant minor ninth chord , the fully diminished seventh leading tone chord, the supertonic diminished triad , the supertonic half-diminished seventh chord , and the minor subdominant. It also contains an augmented triad. The harmonic major scale has its own set of modes , distinct from the harmonic minor, melodic minor, and major modes, depending on which note serves as the tonic. Below are the mode names, their degrees, and the following seventh chords that can be built using each modal tonic or degree of the parent mode as the root: a major seventh chord , a half-diminished seventh chord , a minor seventh chord , a minor major seventh chord , a dominant seventh chord , an augmented major seventh chord , and a diminished seventh chord. Harmonic minor contains the same types of seventh chords, but in a different order.
Another important minor scale to discuss is the melodic minor scale. The melodic minor scale, like harmonic minor, also has a raised 7th compared to natural minor. This raised 7th , just as in the harmonic minor scale, gives us a major triad or dominant 7th V chord in a minor key. Melodic minor, however, differs from the natural minor scale by also having a 6th that is a half-step higher. The melodic minor scale is like natural minor, but with a raised 6th and 7th. Remember the unusual one-and-a-half step interval between the 6 and 7 of the harmonic minor scale? That minor third jump is thought to be a little melodically awkward.
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6 Scale Reference Manual for Bass Guitar. Harmonic Minor Scale. Alternative Names: Intervallic Construction: 1,2,b3,4,5,b6,7. Melodic Minor Scale (Traditional.
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