Jung Psychology And Literature Pdf
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Jung proposed and developed the concepts of the extraverted and the introverted personality , archetypes , and the collective unconscious. His work has been influential in psychiatry and in the study of religion , literature , and related fields. Jung was the son of a philologist and pastor.
Analytical psychology German : Analytische Psychologie , sometimes translated as analytic psychology and referred to as Jungian analysis is a term coined by Carl Jung , a Swiss psychiatrist , to describe research into his new "empirical science" of the psyche. It was designed to distinguish it from Freud's psychoanalytic theories as their seven-year collaboration on psychoanalysis was drawing to an end between and The history of analytical psychology is intimately linked with the biography of Jung. It was initially a theory concerning psychological complexes until Jung, upon breaking with Sigmund Freud , turned it into a generalised method of investigating archetypes and the unconscious , as well as into a specialised psychotherapy.
12 C.G. Jung Psychology and Literature.pdf
The collective unconscious is a concept originally defined by psychoanalyst Carl Jung. Sometimes referred to as the "objective psyche," it refers to the idea that a segment of the deepest unconscious mind is genetically inherited and is not shaped by personal experience. According to Jung's teachings, the collective unconscious is common to all human beings and is responsible for a number of deep-seated beliefs and instincts, such as spirituality, sexual behavior, and life and death instincts.
Born in Switzerland in , Carl Jung founded the school of analytical psychology. He is responsible for proposing and developing the psychological concepts of collective unconscious and archetypes, along with introverted and extroverted personality. Jung worked with Sigmund Freud, another prominent early psychologist.
In his early studies, Jung's work affirmed many of Freud's ideas. As time went on, the two split in their principles of psychology. Jung contested Freud's principles of psychoanalysis. The biggest difference between their explanations of the unconscious is that Freud believed that the unconscious was the product of personal experiences, while Jung believed that it was inherited from the past collective experience of humanity.
Though humans may not know what thoughts and images are in their collective unconscious, it is thought that in moments of crisis the psyche can tap into the collective unconscious. Jung believed that the collective unconscious is expressed through universal concepts called archetypes. Archetypes can be signs, symbols, or patterns of thinking and behaving that are inherited from our ancestors.
According to Jung, these mythological images or cultural symbols are not static or fixed; instead, many different archetypes may overlap or combine at any given time.
Some examples of archetypes that Jung proposed include:. Jung considered the mother archetype to be the most important. He thought the archetype not only manifested in the literal form of personal mother, grandmother, stepmother, mother-in-law, or nurse but also in the figurative form of mothers, including:.
Jung believed that the mother archetype could contain either positive aspects, such as motherly love and warmth, or negative aspects such as the terrible mother or goddess of fate. Deep-seated beliefs regarding spirituality and religion are explained as partially due to the collective unconscious.
Jung was convinced that the similarity and universality of world religions pointed to religion as a manifestation of the collective unconscious. Similarly, morals, ethics, and concepts of fairness or right and wrong could be explained in the same way, with the collective unconscious as partially responsible. Jung used his theory of the collective unconscious to explain how fears and social phobias can manifest in children and adults for no apparent reason.
Fear of the dark, loud sounds, bridges, or blood may all be rooted in this collective unconscious, which is proposed as an inherited genetic trait. For example, a study found that one-third of British children are afraid of snakes at age six, even though it's rare to encounter a snake in the British Isles.
Dreams were thought to provide key insight into the collective unconscious. Jung believed that due to the archetypes represented, specific symbols in dreams are universal. In other words, the same symbols mean similar things to different people.
However, unlike his contemporary Sigmund Freud, Jung believed that dreams are highly personal, and dream interpretation requires knowing a great deal about the individual dreamer.
Freud, on the other hand, often suggested that specific symbols represent specific unconscious thoughts. More than just being repressed wishes, Jung believed that dreams compensate for parts of the psyche that are underdeveloped in our waking lives.
This allowed for the study of dreams as an instrument for research, diagnosis, and treatment for psychological conditions and phobias.
Historically, there has been some debate around whether the collective unconscious requires a literal or symbolic interpretation. In scientific circles, a literal interpretation of the collective unconscious is thought to be a pseudoscientific theory. This is because it is difficult to scientifically prove that images of mythology and other cultural symbols are inherited and present at birth.
Instead, a symbolic interpretation of the collective unconscious is thought to have some scientific grounding because of the belief that all humans share certain behavioral dispositions.
The collective unconscious is currently being examined in a different light. Psychiatric research is now looking at the role of bacteria in the collective unconscious. Genes in gut bacteria outnumber the genes in the human body, and these bacteria may produce neuroactive compounds. It's thought by some researchers that these neuroactive compounds may be part of the collective unconscious which regulates human behavior.
Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. Detecting the snake in the grass: attention to fear-relevant stimuli by adults and young children. Psychol Sci. Collective unconscious: how gut microbes shape human behavior. J Psychiatr Res. Cacha, L. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience. Dinan, T. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. Journal of Psychiatric Research.
Kim, C. Journal of Religion and Health. Jung's Theory of Personality and Learning Styles. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Sign Up. What are your concerns? Article Sources.
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Thanks for the nice blog. It was very useful for me. I'm happy I found this blog. Thank you for sharing with us,I too always learn something new from your post. For those who have to teach these "hi-fi abstract ideas" to the present generation of students, including the university research scholars, your block is an useful one. In fact, even in this simple narration there are many abstract derivations.
Post a Comment. Carl Jung: "Psychology and Literature". Jung justifies Psychology for studying literature because all thought and expression are derived from the human psyche. Two significant points are immediately addressed, outlined and become the narrative for the remainder of the essay. The first is the distinction between the artistic work itself and the life of the artist
The collective unconscious is a concept originally defined by psychoanalyst Carl Jung. Sometimes referred to as the "objective psyche," it refers to the idea that a segment of the deepest unconscious mind is genetically inherited and is not shaped by personal experience. According to Jung's teachings, the collective unconscious is common to all human beings and is responsible for a number of deep-seated beliefs and instincts, such as spirituality, sexual behavior, and life and death instincts. Born in Switzerland in , Carl Jung founded the school of analytical psychology. He is responsible for proposing and developing the psychological concepts of collective unconscious and archetypes, along with introverted and extroverted personality. Jung worked with Sigmund Freud, another prominent early psychologist.
PDF | On Dec 28, , Tatyana Bushueva published C. Jung Theory Of “Analyzing a literary piece, to reveal the psychological law that underlies it, the.
C.G. Jung and Literary Theory
Jung and Literary Theory pp Cite as. The wide-ranging discipline of literary studies has neglected the potential of Jung for literary theory. Such neglect becomes acute in an age when meta-narratives such as those of Freud and Marx are tested, reconfigured and reinscribed for a postmodern era.
Jung and Literary Theory pp Cite as. I started this book with the metaphor of romance in order to suggest a new relationship between the psychology of C. Jung and modern literary theories after poststructuralism.
Щелчок взведенного курка. - Adids, - прошептал человек и бросился на него подобно пантере. Раздался выстрел, мелькнуло что-то красное. Но это была не кровь. Что-то другое.
Мозговые штурмы. Сьюзан замолчала. По-видимому, Стратмор проверял свой план с помощью программы Мозговой штурм. Если кто-то имеет возможность читать его электронную почту, то и остальная информация на его компьютере становится доступной… - Переделка Цифровой крепости - чистое безумие! - кричал Хейл. - Ты отлично понимаешь, что это за собой влечет - полный доступ АНБ к любой информации. - Сирена заглушала его слова, но Хейл старался ее перекричать.
Ах ты, пакостник. - Не знаю, что ты такое подумала. - Я рада, что поймала тебя, - продолжала. - Мне нужен совет. Джабба встряхнул бутылочку с острой приправой Доктор Пеппер.
Халохот переместился ближе к центру, чтобы двигаться быстрее, чувствуя, что уже настигает жертву: всякий раз, пробегая мимо очередного проема, он видел ее тень. Вниз. Скорее. Еще одна спираль.
Но заставь противника думать так, как выгодно тебе, и у тебя вместо врага появится союзник. - Сьюзан, - услышал он собственный голос, - Стратмор - убийца. Ты в опасности. Казалось, она его не слышала. Хейл понимал, что говорит полную ерунду, потому что Стратмор никогда не причинит ей вреда, и она это отлично знает.
Беккер последовал в указанном направлении.
Что, если Хейл захочет взглянуть на включенный монитор ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Вообще-то ему это ни к чему, но Сьюзан знала, что его не удовлетворит скороспелая ложь о диагностической программе, над которой машина бьется уже шестнадцать часов. Хейл потребует, чтобы ему сказали правду. Но именно правду она не имела ни малейшего намерения ему открывать. Она не доверяла Грегу Хейлу.
Она металась между дверцами кабинок и рукомойниками. Потеряв ориентацию, двигалась, вытянув перед собой руки и пытаясь восстановить в памяти очертания комнаты. Споткнулась о мусорный бачок и едва не наткнулась на кафельную стенку. Ведя рукой по прохладному кафелю, она наконец добралась до двери и нащупала дверную ручку. Дверь отворилась, и Сьюзан вышла в помещение шифровалки.
Падре Херрера, главный носитель чаши, с любопытством посмотрел на одну из скамей в центре, где начался непонятный переполох, но вообще-то это его мало занимало.