Place Attachment Advances In Theory Methods And Applications Pdf
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Specifically, a sequential path was tested, in which neighborhood attachment was expected to play a buffer role between lowered spatial competence and neighborhood satisfaction.
- Comparing the theories of interpersonal and place attachment
- DEGREE REGULATIONS & PROGRAMMES OF STUDY 2020/2021
- Place attachment : advances in theory, methods, and applications
- Place attachment as discursive practice.
Comparing the theories of interpersonal and place attachment
While the textbook featured contributions only from U. Further, the writings in this volume not only reflect current thinking and advancements in place attachment scholarship, they also point to critical questions that remain unaddressed and identify new areas for investigation.
Where has the discourse gone? TheoryAs documents in her exhaustive review of the literature, place attachment as a source of scholarly work is alive and well. The diversity of perspectives on place attachment and disagreement on its definition and relationship to other concepts is akin to the process of theory development that Thomas Kuhn wrote about in his seminal work, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions whereby significant shifts in knowledge move disciplines from a singular organizing theory to an array of competing theories.
This is not to say that the social sciences are currently undergoing a revolution, or that subject matter like place attachment is revolutionary, but rather that competing theories and debates within the place attachment discourse are a sign of intellectual vitality.
This plurality is also arguably typical of interdisciplinary subject matter. The diversity of definitions of place attachment, and the ways to conceptualize the phenomenon reflect, to some degree, the different emphasis that various fields put on specific components of place and place attachment. At the same time, there has been insufficient theory development over the past two decades, as many researchers have proceeded with empirical studies without clarifying the concepts adopted.
This has sometimes led to the perpetuation of more restricted notions of place attachment that do not account for memory, mobility, multiple simultaneous place attachments, and the ways a range of emotions and experiences contribute to place attachments. Their challenges to current place attachment theory, in turn, underscore that place attachments, and the discourse on the subject, are all socially constructed-something on which Di Masso, Dixon, and Durrheim beautifully elaborate in Chapter 6.
Given the post-modern, post-structuralist turn in the social sciences in the past several decades, and the current context of globalization and increased mobility, articulating the lived experience of place versus identifying predictors of place attachment. And while efforts to measure place attachment continue apace see especially , other methodologies continue to shed new light on the phenomenon of place attachment.
In the Methods part of this book, scholars from a range of disciplines explore the methodological challenges and implications of studying place attachment, sometimes suggesting novel approaches hitherto neglected in the literature. Daniel R. Williams leads off the part with Chapter 7, examining the methodological evolution of place attachment research over the past two decades and connecting developments in research methods to different ways that place has been conceptualized.
In Chapter 8, landscape architect Clare Rishbeth expounds on the technique she calls "walking voices" used for a project conducted in collaboration with the BBC that focuses on prompting narratives of place attachments for "a richer and more responsive research environment specifically appropriate to researching place attachment.
Stedman and colleagues discuss the use of photographic techniques to highlight some important ways that methods for exploring place attachment have expanded and become more responsive to the subject matter to which they have been applied.
The methods described in both chapters 8 and 9 also begin to alter power relations in place attachment research by putting the participant center stage in the research process. The interconnected nature of place attachment scholarship is well illustrated in this Methods part where the chapters, out of necessity, engage in critical exploration of place attachment concepts and theories as a way to understand methodologies and forge new ways of studying place attachments.
For example, both Daniel R. Williams Chapter 7 and Richard C. Collectively the chapters in this part also illustrate the plurality in place attachment research and it is a matter of opinion whether this plurality is problematic or reflects a healthy diversity.
This work has responded to the critical challenges of contemporary society, from global climate change to urban restructuring programs proliferating in the USA and Western Europe, to increased mobility in a context of globalization. In this Applications part of the book, we hear from an array of scholars and practitioners who apply place attachment concepts in their work, revealing how an understanding of people's attachment to place can influence research, policy, and design practice.
The part opens with Chapter 11 by psychiatrist Mindy Thompson Fullilove who writes about what happens to place attachments in the context of serial forced displacement and notes that repeated upheaval undermines the function of place and the reciprocal bonds that tie people to that place. In Chapter 12, Giuseppe Carrus and colleagues draw a crucial connection between place attachment, community identification, and pro-environmental behavior, examining the factors that can turn place-attached individuals or groups into either pro-or anti-environmental actors.
This is followed by Patrick Devine-Wright's piece Chapter 13 which articulates the relevance of place attachments to climate change adaptation and mitigation noting that place attachments can enable or constrain adaptation. In Chapter 14, Lynne C.
Manzo examines place attachments in the context of social housing redevelopment, demonstrating how stigma, poverty, and ambivalence complicate such attachments and challenge normative approaches to studying place attachment. Randolph T. Hester, Jr. As noted earlier, the chapters that appear in the Applications part also make important commentaries regarding place attachment theory and method.
For example, in her treatment of displacement in Chapter 11, Fullilove offers a theoretic framework of the "frayed knot hypothesis" that can help inform place attachment theory. Devine-Wright argues in Chapter 13 that there remains a tendency for place attachment literature to underemphasize the inherently dynamic nature of place attachment processes.
Similarly, Manzo in Chapter 14 critiques place attachment theory for embracing neither the full dynamism nor the full range of emotions that complicate people's emotional relationships to place. It is our hope that this book might serve as a valuable resource and gives impetus for further scholarship globally, setting new research agendas for place attachment work, enabling a deeper understanding of people-place interrelationships, and offering a productive meeting ground for scholars from diverse academic approaches to come together around this topic.
In particular, we hope that it will stimulate further conceptual development, legitimize and even popularize the use of a more varied suite of methods e. In doing so, we are confident that place attachment research can influence both policy making and design Place Attachment as Involving Movement and RestIn considering how bodily dimensions of our human constitution contribute to the nature of human experience, one immediately realizes that our existence as physical bodies involves the typical situation of moving, on one hand, and remaining in place, on the other Bollnow, ;Casey, ;Seamon, Drawing on Merleau-Ponty's work, one can argue that, at their most basic lived level, movement and rest are founded in pre-reflective awareness and actions of body-subject: Everyday movement patterns and places of rest are part of a habitual time-space lattice composed in part of bodily routines often intermingling in places of rest and paths of movement Merleau-Ponty, ;Seamon, Because of the unself-conscious facility of body-subject, life just happens, and we follow a more or less regular regimen of actions, experiences, situations, and occasions all grounded in particular places and the paths of movement among those places Casey, ;Rowles, ;Moores, ;Seamon, Through conscious decision, including self-reflective awareness of body-subject, human beings can shift habitual patterns of movement and rest.
They can act in, encounter, and reshape place in new, intentional ways. On the other hand, this habitual regularity contributes to environmental, social, and personal order and continuity. Relph , p. In these instances, one suddenly realizes how integral habitual regularity and routine are to his or her day-to-day life.
In addition, because the taken-for-grantedness of one's place has changed in some way, he or she may experience some degree of emotional distress ranging from momentary annoyance to sadness, regret, worry, depression, anger, fear, or grief Klinenberg, ;.
I have termed this immediate, normally unself-conscious field of emotional presence and awareness feeling-subject-a matrix of positive and sometimes negative emotional intentionalities extending in varying intensities to the places, spaces, routes, and typical routines comprising a person's lifeworld Seamon , p. For research on place attachment, the phenomenological interpretation of movement and rest is important because, in everyday life, the emotional ambience and resonance of places, routes, and routines typically run beneath the lived surface of the lifeworld and are thus pre-reflective and unnoticed most of the time.
Many studies of place attachment ask respondents to describe or evaluate their environmental feelings explicitly through words, drawings, or measuring instruments. If much of the emotional fabric soldered to place is pre-reflective and thus typically beneath the level of conscious awareness, then developing a language and methodology for self-conscious elicitation is a formidable task.
One essential methodological component for gaining accurate, explicit accounts of place attachment is bringing deeper, more empathetic attention to the research process. For example, urban planner John Forester considers practical ways whereby interviewing can become "astute listening" and a more potent vehicle for comprehensively understanding "situations full of conflict, ambiguity, posturing, and differences of culture, class, race, gender, and values" Forester , p.
In addition, one can explore and compare how specific modes of movement and rest as experienced vary individually, environmentally, socially, and culturally-for example, mobility Morley, ; migration Moores, ; exile Naficy, ; homelessness Moore, ; homes of divorce Anthony, and domestic violence Goldsack, ; lived-place differences for lifestyle groups living in the same physical place Seamon, ;Sowers, ; and lived differences between real and digital places Erickson, ;Horan, ;Relph, ;Seamon, a.
Place Attachment as Involving Inward and Outward Aspects of PlaceBesides movement and rest, places typically involve a dialectic incorporating inward and outward aspects Seamon, On one hand, place is a world unto and within itself. On the other hand, the home requires relationship with that larger public world in terms of basic needs and wider social and communal relationships Moore, ;Morley, The inward aspect of any place relates to its being apart from the rest of the world, while its more outward, externally oriented aspects relate to the larger world of which it is a part.
These two significances of place are often different and may even contradict each other, but both are integral aspects of most place experience. Place as defined by insideness and outsideness refers to the degree of comfort and "in place-ness" or discomfort and "out-of-place-ness" felt by the experiencer. As explained earlier, Relph argues that the most profound experience of place involves existential insideness, whereby experiencers are entirely immersed unself-consciously in place.
In contrast to inside and outside, place as defined by its inward and outward aspects requires consideration of the possible range of ways in which a place does or does not connect itself with and respond to the larger world of which it is a part. A walled "gated community," for example, exaggerates the inward nature of place. This inward emphasis may evoke a strong sense of insideness for the residents as they carry out their lives within the walled community.
Because it is largely isolated from its surroundings, however, those same residents may feel a strong sense of "outsideness" as they move through those surroundings with which they exchange little or no contact. This place situation is considerably different from traditional urban neighborhoods that supported a strong sense of inwardness e. Ultimately, a comprehensive dialectical understanding of place requires that both inward and outward dimensions of place be recognized and studied.
For any place, one can be attracted or repelled by either or both its inward and outward aspects. A family, for example, may very much appreciate their home and neighborhood but dislike the city in which they live. At the same time, there is a wide range of possible relationships in regard to how people outside a particular place understand and have feelings for that place-for example, how a socially deteriorating urban neighborhood comes to be feared and avoided by residents of other nearby neighborhoods Klinenberg, ;Rae, Place attachment is multivalent and varies in intensity depending on the particular nesting of place or the composition of the web of places in a person's life and the particular ways in which the inward and outward aspects of those places are understood, felt, and experienced by the insiders and outsiders of those places Casey, ;Kianicka et al.
Place Attachment and Place ProcessesPlace attachment is rarely static. In considering how places and feelings for place shift over time, one brings attention to the generative aspects of place-in other words, identifying underlying lifeworld processes that impel ways that places are what they are and what they become Lewicka, , pp. Elsewhere Seamon, b , I have argued that places can be interpreted phenomenologically in terms of six interconnected processes that each contribute to supporting or eroding the lived structure and dynamics of a particular place.
Here, I describe these six processes in both their place-sustaining and place-undermining modes. I then point to some ways in which these six place processes might have significance for better understanding place attachment. Place InteractionPlace interaction refers to the typical goings-on in a place. It can be related to "a day in the life of a place" and involves the constellation of more or less regular actions, behaviors, situations, and events that unfold in the typical days, weeks, and seasons of a place.
Interaction is important to place because it is the major engine through which its users carry out their everyday lives and the place gains activity and a sense of environmental presence. Place ballet is one mode of place interaction whereby individual actions and interpersonal exchanges merge together spatially through bodily co-presence and social encounters grounded in place Jacobs, Place interaction as process undermines place when certain actions, situations, and events disrupt the co-presence of users and generate distress, fragmentation, and decline.
Typical interactions become fewer or destructive in some way-for example, a busy stretch of sidewalk and street becomes empty of users; regular interpersonal exchanges in place become fewer and less friendly; the convenience of daily place interactions devolves into a situation of inefficiency, nuisance, worry, conflict, or fear Klinenberg, ;.
Place IdentityPlace identity phenomenologically relates to the process whereby people living in or otherwise associated with a place take up that place as a significant part of their world. One unself-consciously and self-consciously accepts and recognizes the place as integral to his or her personal and communal identity and self-worth. They come to feel a part of place and associate their personal and group identity with the identity of that place. Place identity as process undermines place when individuals and groups become isolated from the place of which they are a part.
They mistrust or feel threatened by other people or events of the place and may consider moving elsewhere to a safer or more accepting situation. If offensive action is not possible, the person or group may withdraw defensively into minimal interaction with and exposure to the place Klinenberg, ;.
DEGREE REGULATIONS & PROGRAMMES OF STUDY 2020/2021
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Reuven Sussman Sr. Environmental psychology place attachment sustainability social psychology. Journal of Environmental Psychology 30 1 , , Journal of environmental psychology 30 3 , , Journal of Environmental Psychology 29 1 , , Journal of Environmental Psychology 51, , Place attachment: Advances in theory, methods and applications, ,
PDF | On Aug 1, , Christopher M. Raymond published Review of "Place Attachment: Advances in Theory, Methods and Applications" by L. Manzo and P.
Place attachment : advances in theory, methods, and applications
These ties can affect issues as diverse as mobility and migration, social housing, natural resource management, intergroup conflict and civic engagement. Different perspectives on the definitions of place attachment, how it is studied and how practical lessons are applied, are explored in the multi-disciplinary chapters of Place Attachment. The book is divided into three sections: theory, methodology and practical application. Within each section, contributors critically review the contemporary knowledge, identify significant advances, and point to knowledge gaps for future research. Manzo and Devine-Wright draw together contributions from an international group of leading scholars from different disciplines, utilising diverse epistemologies and methodologies.
Reuven Sussman Sr. Craig Brown Vancouver Coastal Health ryerson. Mohamed Ouf Concordia University myumanitoba.
E-raamatut saab lugeda ning alla laadida kuni 6'de seadmesse.
Place attachment as discursive practice.
Я вас знаю. На такой риск вы не пойдете. Сьюзан было запротестовала, но Стратмор не дал ей говорить. - Вы меня не знаете, молодой человек.
Где теперь это кольцо? - спросил Беккер. Лейтенант глубоко затянулся. - Долгая история.
Чем глубже под землю уходил коридор, тем уже он становился. Откуда-то сзади до них долетело эхо чьих-то громких, решительных шагов. Обернувшись, они увидели быстро приближавшуюся к ним громадную черную фигуру. Сьюзан никогда не видела этого человека раньше. Подойдя вплотную, незнакомец буквально пронзил ее взглядом.
Беккер кивнул. Уже в дверях он грустно улыбнулся: - Вы все же поосторожнее. ГЛАВА 67 - Сьюзан? - Тяжело дыша, Хейл приблизил к ней свое лицо. Он сидел у нее на животе, раскинув ноги в стороны. Его копчик больно вдавливался в низ ее живота через тонкую ткань юбки.
Они бежали за уже движущимся автобусом, крича и размахивая руками. Водитель, наверное, снял ногу с педали газа, рев двигателя поутих, и молодые люди поравнялись с автобусом. Шедший сзади, метрах в десяти, Беккер смотрел на них, не веря своим глазам. Фотография внезапно обрела резкость, но он понимал, что увиденное слишком невероятно.
Я попросил его не звонить мне, пока он не найдет кольцо. - Почему? - удивилась Сьюзан. - А если ему нужна помощь. Стратмор пожал плечами.
Заметано. - Ну вот и хорошо. Девушка, которую я ищу, может быть .
В нескольких метрах от них лежало тело Хейла. Выли сирены.
Как бы я хотела сказать. - Миллион песет? - предложил Беккер. - Это все, что у меня. - Боже мой! - Она улыбнулась. - Вы, американцы, совсем не умеете торговаться.
Беккер рванулся влево, в другую улочку. Он слышал собственный крик о помощи, но, кроме стука ботинок сзади и учащенного дыхания, утренняя тишина не нарушалась ничем. Беккер почувствовал жжение в боку. Наверное, за ним тянется красный след на белых камнях.
Я сказал ей, что даю пятьдесят, но она хотела. Ей надо было выкупить билет на самолет - если найдется свободное место перед вылетом. Беккер почувствовал, как кровь отхлынула от его лица. - Куда. - В ее трахнутый Коннектикут.
Сьюзан вдруг поняла, что смеется и плачет одновременно. Коммандер спас ей жизнь. Стоя в темноте, она испытывала чувство огромного облегчения, смешанного, конечно же, с ощущением вины: агенты безопасности приближаются. Она глупейшим образом попала в ловушку, расставленную Хейлом, и Хейл сумел использовать ее против Стратмора. Она понимала, что коммандер заплатил огромную цену за ее избавление.
Думаю. У нас есть кое-какие данные. Танкадо неоднократно публично заявлял, что у него есть партнер.
Хейл промолчал. - Рано или поздно, - продолжала она, - народ должен вверить кому-то свою судьбу. В нашей стране происходит много хорошего, но немало и плохого. Кто-то должен иметь возможность оценивать и отделять одно от другого.
- Мы опустим каждый второй кадр вместе со звуковым сопровождением и постараемся держаться как можно ближе к реальному времени. На подиуме все замолчали, не отрывая глаз от экрана. Джабба нажал на клавиатуре несколько клавиш, и картинка на экране изменилась.
ТРАНСТЕКСТ ежедневно без проблем взламы-вает эти шифры. Для него все шифры выглядят одинаково, независимо от алгоритма, на основе которого созданы. - Не понимаю, - сказала. - Мы же говорим не о реверсии какой-либо сложной функции, а о грубой силе.
После множества поворотов и коротких рывков Беккер оказался на перекрестке трех улочек с табличкой Эскуина-де-лос-Рейес и понял, что уже был здесь минуту-другую. Притормозив, он задумался, в какую сторону повернуть, и в этот момент мотор его веспы кашлянул и заглох. Стрелка топливного индикатора указывала на ноль. И, как бы повинуясь неведомому сигналу, между стенами слева от него мелькнула тень. Нет сомнений, что человеческий мозг все же совершеннее самого быстродействующего компьютера в мире.