Searle Proper Names And Intentionality Pdf

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searle proper names and intentionality pdf

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John R. Searle is one of the world's leading philosophers.

In philosophy, intentionality is the power of minds and mental states to be about, to represent, or to stand for, things, properties and states of affairs. Furthermore, to the extent that a speaker utters words from some natural language or draws pictures or symbols from a formal language for the purpose of conveying to others the contents of her mental states, these artifacts used by a speaker too have contents or intentionality.

Skip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Searle, one of the leading philosophical figures of the present times. How language is based on intentionality, how intentionality in turn is to be explicated by means of distinctions discovered in Speech Act Theory, and how language and intentionality are both related to social facts and institutions - these are questions to be tackled in this volume.

Understanding proper names

Christopher Hurtado. How names refer to objects has been a perennial problem in the philosophy of language. The descriptivist account has long prevailed. But is it correct? Before Kripke came along and attacked it, many philosophers thought it was.

There is a fairly general consensus that names are Millian or Russellian genuine terms, that is, are singular terms whose sole semantic function is to introduce a referent into the propositions expressed by sentences containing the term. This answers the question as to what sort of proposition is expressed by use of sentences containing names. But there is a second serious semantic problem about proper names, that of how the referents of proper names are determined. This is the question that I will discuss in this paper. Various views consistent with Millianism have been proposed as to how the semantic referents of proper names are determined. Here I argue against social practice theories of the sorts proposed by Kripke and Evans and in favor of an individualistic approach to name reference.

Collective intentionality is of central importance in social ontology. In this section, we will discuss the notions of imposition of function, of collective intentionality, and of constitutional rule. The second section will critically re-examine the notion of collective intentionality. The task is to show how everything holds together. Searle has introduced the terms institutional and brute facts in the early phase of speech act theory in order to distinguish between a physical aspect of uttering sounds while speaking, and the meanings that these sounds conjure up i. The brute fact is that a one-dollar bill is a piece of paper, but what really makes it a banknote is an institutional fact or the collectively recognized institution of money. In other words, it is nothing but human agreement that turns a piece of paper into a one-dollar bill.

John Searle

He was Willis S. Widely noted for his contributions to the philosophy of language , philosophy of mind , and social philosophy , he began teaching at UC Berkeley in In the late s, Searle challenged the restrictions of Berkeley's rent stabilization ordinance. Following what came to be known as the California Supreme Court's "Searle Decision" of , Berkeley changed its rent control policy, leading to large rent increases between and Searle's early work on speech acts , influenced by J. Austin and Ludwig Wittgenstein , helped establish his reputation.

In the philosophy of language , the descriptivist theory of proper names also descriptivist theory of reference [1] is the view that the meaning or semantic content of a proper name is identical to the descriptions associated with it by speakers, while their referents are determined to be the objects that satisfy these descriptions. Bertrand Russell and Gottlob Frege have both been associated with the descriptivist theory, which is sometimes called the Frege—Russell view. In the s, this theory came under attack from causal theorists such as Saul Kripke , Hilary Putnam and others. However, it has seen something of a revival in recent years, especially under the form of what are called two-dimensional semantic theories. This latter trend is exemplified by the theories of David Chalmers , among others.

This book deals with the main proponents of the causal and descriptivist reference theories on natural kind terms. The two main types of contemporary reference theories on natural kind terms are the causal and the descriptivist theories. The author analyzes the main versions of these two types of theories and claims that the differences between them are not as great as it is usually assumed. He alleges that the ostensive reference fixing and reference borrowing theories should be descriptive-causal, and he also adduces that the relation of kind-identity depends on the views on kind-identity and thus involves descriptive elements. This book is an important contribution to the debate on reference in contemporary philosophy of language and linguistics. It is appropriate now to quote this excerpt in its integrity: More recent philosophy has followed suit, except that, in the case of both proper names and natural kind terms, it often replaces the notion of defining properties by that of a cluster of properties, only some of which need to be satisfied in each particular case.


Searle: “Proper Names and Intentionality”. Searle's Account Of The Problem. In this essay, Searle emphasizes the notion of 'Intentional content'.


Speech Acts, Mind, and Social Reality

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Один раз Грег Хейл уже разрушил планы АНБ. Что мешает ему сделать это еще. Но Танкадо… - размышляла .

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 Aeropuerto? - повторил человек, внимательно следя за движением губ Двухцветного в зеркале. - Панк кивнул. - Tenia el anillo. Он получил кольцо. До смерти напуганный, Двухцветный замотал головой: - Нет. - Viste el anillo. Ты видел кольцо.

 Коммандер, - возразила она, - Танкадо отлично понимал, что АНБ может найти его переписку в Интернете, он никогда не стал бы доверять секреты электронной почте. Это ловушка. Энсей Танкадо всучил вам Северную Дакоту, так как он знал, что вы начнете искать. Что бы ни содержалось в его посланиях, он хотел, чтобы вы их нашли, - это ложный след.


INTENTIONALITY*. BY. JOHN R. SEARLE. I. The Nature of the Problem. The problem of proper names ought to be easy, and at one level I think it is: we need to.


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Сначала он предназначался для использования в ходе избирательных кампаний как способ создания в режиме реального времени моделей данной политической среды. Загруженная громадным количеством информации программа создавала паутину относительных величин - гипотетическую модель взаимодействия политических переменных, включая известных политиков, их штабы, личные взаимоотношения, острые проблемы, мотивации, отягощенные такими факторами, как секс, этническая принадлежность, деньги и власть. Пользователь имел возможность создать любую гипотетическую ситуацию, и Мозговой штурм предсказывал, как эта ситуация повлияет на среду. Коммандер относился к этой программе с религиозным трепетом, но использовал ее не в политических целях: она служила ему для расчета времени, оценки информации и схематического отображения ситуации, выработки сложных стратегических решений и своевременного выявления слабых мест. Сьюзан не оставляло подозрение, что в компьютере шефа кроется нечто, чему в один прекрасный день суждено изменить весь мир.

Он схватился руками за боковые стороны проема и, одним движением вбросив свое тело внутрь, тяжело рухнул на лестницу. Халохот услышал, как где-то ниже тело Беккера упало на каменные ступеньки, и бросился вниз, сжимая в руке пистолет. В поле его зрения попало окно. Здесь. Халохот приблизился к внешней стене и стал целиться .

Его ни разу не удалось разоблачить, указав на Форт- Мид. Единственная беда - Халохот глухой, с ним нельзя связаться по телефону. Недавно Стратмор сделал так, что Халохота снабдили новейшей игрушкой АНБ - компьютером Монокль. Себе Стратмор купил Скайпейджер, который запрограммировал на ту же частоту. Начиная с этого момента его связь с Халохотом стала не только мгновенной, но и абсолютно неотслеживаемой.

Определить ключ стало столь же математически нереально, как найти нужную песчинку на пляже длиной в три мили.

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