Organizational Structure Of Bill And Melinda Gates Foundation Pdf
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- The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
- The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
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The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Specifically, the Gates Foundation needs to move beyond providing national project locations to include sub-national location information. This component looks at the overall aims and strategy of an organisation. We check for any public commitments to aid transparency. We also make sure audits are in place and if planning documents have been published, including by parent organisations including national governments where applicable.
We make note of any Freedom of Information laws and critically, we make sure that organisations have tried to make their information easy to access and understand.
You should not have to be an expert in open data to be able to find and use this information. This component is critical to allow you and anyone else to follow the money. We expect to find the total budget of the organisation being assessed, right down to individual transactions for each development activity. In particular, forward-looking budgets from donors are important for partner country governments to be able to plan their own future finances. This component refers to descriptive, non-financial data, including basics like the title and description of a project.
Information like this is important as it is often the entry point for data users to quickly understand what a project is about. We also look for other information that helps to put a project in context, such as its sub-national location rather than simply being pin pointed to a capital city or the centre of a country or the sector that the project deals with, for example, education or agriculture.
This component looks at how well a donor's data is able to be linked and connected with other bits of information. There is a diverse nature of flows, activities and actors within the development sector.
Aid and development finance data needs to be effectively linked and connected with the rest to provide a full picture for the user. This can be particularly important for partner country governments, who need to integrate information on aid with their own budgets and systems.
This component refers to the essential data and documents that assess whether a project is on track or has been achieved. This includes things like baseline surveys, progress against targets, mid-term reviews and end of project evaluations. This information is important to hold donors to account and also to share knowledge with others on what worked and what did not during a project. It must include the right of access to information, this right has to be enforceable and there must be compliant, court and high court appeal possibilities.
Decrees are included if they meet the same standards. In addition, the FOIA must be in use for at least the executive part of the government; therefore, FOIAs which are only adopted, approved or still in draft form are not counted.
For multilateral donors, international finance institutions IFIs and private foundations, a disclosure or transparency policy is accepted as equivalent to a FOIA.
Publish What You Fund completes an assessment of the quality of these disclosure policies based on the overarching approach taken in the Global RTI Rating. These are scored using three criteria: 1 the portal allows free, bulk export of data; 2 it contains detailed disaggregated data; 3 the data is published under an open licence. The same data source is used for all three checks.
An overarching strategy document explains the general approach and policies of the organisation towards international development. This should be forward looking. This should be backward looking. Aid allocation policies are the detailed policy documents by which the organisation chooses where to spend its resources, i.
Relatively general documents or web pages outlining which countries, themes and institutions the agency will fund are accepted, as long as this is forward-looking and not wholly retrospective. This must fully explain the criteria on which decisions are made and could be in a single procurement policy document or attached to each tender.
For IFIs, which are often demand-driven, this is understood as their investment policy. For private foundations, this is their grant making policy. Does this organisation publish the country strategy paper or memoranda of understanding for this partner country? A country or sector strategy will be accepted. Where one cannot be found, a MoU signed by the donor organisation and recipient country government will be accepted. A Memorandum of Understanding MoU is a document that details the agreement usually between the organisation and recipient government for the provision of aid in the country.
Audits up to date with regular audit cycles are accepted, i. A formally approved audit of annual accounts is required to score on this indicator. Audits conducted by official government agencies such as State Audit Offices or Controller General Reports are accepted for this indicator. Does this organisation publish their annual forward planning budget for assistance to different countries and institutions per year for the next three years?
The figure could be indicative. Aggregate budgets of between 2—3 years are scored the same as 1-year forward budgets. The IATI reference for this indicator is: Annual forward planning budgets for recipient countries recipient-country-budget.
Both country budgets and thematic budgets are accepted for organisations that prioritise their work by countries. Projected figures disaggregated along thematic and sectoral priorities, at a near similar level of detail to total organisation budgets are accepted.
The budget of the activity is the breakdown of the total financial commitment to the activity into forward-looking annual and quarterly chunks. This is a specific budget detailing what the intended spending is for the different lines of the individual activity.
Budget documents cannot simply be at the country level. If an activity budget is included in a larger country-level document, it is only accepted if the budget for the activity is broken down line by line.
For organisations where budget documents might be considered commercially sensitive, documents with redactions of the commercially sensitive pieces of information are accepted. These must include the specific reasons for the redactions and must clarify why the information is commercially sensitive and would cause material and direct harm if published. This refers to the financial commitment for the activity as a whole for the lifetime of the activity.
This is generally a high-level commitment rather than a detailed breakdown of the activity budget. Individual actual financial disbursements must be related to individual activities and must be on a per-transaction basis.
Each activity is likely to have several transactions. There are two parts to this indicator. The first part captures the percentage of the total commitment allocated to or planned for capital expenditure. When publishing in IATI, a number between 0 and should be used, with no percentage sign. Capital spending is generally defined as physical assets with a useful life of more than one year.
But it also includes capital improvements or the rehabilitation of physical assets that enhance or extend the useful life of the asset as distinct from repair or maintenance, which assures that the asset is functional for its planned life. Capital includes all aspects of design and construction that are required to make the asset operational. The IATI reference for this indicator is: capital spend. The total organisation budget is the total amount that the organisation will be allocated by the government or its funders per year for the next three years.
This is money going to the organisation and can be indicative. In many cases, total budgets are established annually, once total financial figures of all investments are taken into account. However, they do have projected total spend figures that they sometimes publish. If published, these projected figures are accepted for this indicator. Similarly, for private foundations and humanitarian agencies, indicative figures of available funds are accepted.
The title of the activity is its name. This is preferably the formal name of the activity but does not have to be. The title needs to be complete with any abbreviations or acronyms explained. The description of the activity is a meaningful descriptive text, longer than the title, explaining what the activity is. The description of the activity needs to contain a minimum of 80 characters in order to be considered a description rather than just a title.
Both month and year are required to score on this indicator in recognition of recipient countries needing to be able to map activities to their own financial year rather than the calendar year. If the activity has started or has finished, the original planned start and end dates must be retained in addition to the actual dates in order to score on this indicator.
If they are not explicitly stated as actual dates then it is assumed that they are planned dates. These are the dates that the activity actually started and ended on, if the activity has finished. If there is only one set of dates but they are not explicitly stated as planned or actual dates, then it is assumed they are planned dates. Actual dates are accepted where specific events occurred, e. Does this organisation publish the current status of the aid activity e. This shows whether the activity is currently under design, being implemented, has finished or has been cancelled.
This shows who can be contacted in relation to this activity. This does not have to be the contact information for an individual or project manager and could refer to a central contact or information desk.
Contacts for either the funding organisation or the implementing organisation are accepted. The sectors of the activity explain whether this is, for example, a health or education project. It does not count if it is just mentioned incidentally within the title or description. It needs to be stated separately and explicitly. The sub-national geographic location is information about where the activity is located within a country. This may be a province or city, or it could be geo-coded whereby the precise longitude and latitude is published.
For activities that are relevant at a country or regional level, information on the location where the funds are sent to or where the recipient is located are all accepted for this indicator. The implementer of the activity is the organisation that is principally responsible for delivering it. The activity identifier is a unique reference ID for the activity, e.
It allows an activity to be referred to and searched for by a code, which can be used to retrieve the project from a database or filing system. GNI or any other flows? The flow type shows whether the organisation states that this activity counts as ODA, OOF, climate finance or any other type of flow. Does this organisation publish the type of aid given e. Does this organisation publish the type of finance given e.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Susan Desmond-Hellman The Foundation spent hundreds of millions of dollars to promote and implement the highly controversial national Common Core education standards. Gates and the Foundation have also come under scrutiny for purportedly cornering the market on global health initiatives, and encroaching on the territory of public organizations with parallel vision such as the World Health Organization. Gates Foundation. Gates, Sr. Bill and Melinda Gates founded the Gates Library Foundation in with the stated goal of bringing internet access and computers to U. It became the Gates Learning Foundation in when it broadened its focus to include college readiness.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Annual Report lotusdream.organnualreport/ 2 structure provides more holistic support to the people we.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
We post our audited financial statements and PFs to the site as they become available. Typically, the financial statement for each year is posted the summer of the following year, while the PF is available in the fall of the following year. Both entities are tax-exempt private foundations that are structured as a charitable trust. Each entity has a distinct purpose, as explained below. The foundation works to reduce inequities around the world.
Фактически Сьюзан создала программу-маяк направленного действия, замаскированный под элемент электронной почты. Она отправляла его на фиктивный адрес этого клиента, и переадресующая компания, выполняя свои договорные обязательства, пересылала этот маяк на подлинный адрес. Попав по назначению, программа фиксировала свое местонахождение в Интернете и передавала его в АНБ, после чего бесследно уничтожала маяк. Начиная с того дня, анонимные переадресующие компании перестали быть для АНБ источником серьезных неприятностей.
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Соши кивнула. - Лучше всего - Нетскейп. Сьюзан сжала ее руку. - Давайте скорее.
Но Сьюзан тут же сообразила, что могла быть еще одна причина отключения Следопыта. Внутренние ошибки программы не являлись единственными причинами сбоя, потому что иногда в действие вступали внешние силы - скачки напряжения, попавшие на платы частички пыли, повреждение проводов. Поскольку за техникой Третьего узла следили самым тщательным образом, она даже не рассматривала такую возможность.
Это Стратмор, - прозвучал знакомый голос. Сьюзан плюхнулась обратно в ванну. - Ох! - Она не могла скрыть разочарование. - Здравствуйте, шеф. - Думала, кое-кто помоложе? - засмеялся Стратмор. - Да нет, сэр, - попыталась она сгладить неловкость.
Беккер прекрасно помнил все, что произошло, и опустил глаза, думая увидеть перед собой своего убийцу. Но того человека в очках нигде не. Были другие люди. Празднично одетые испанцы выходили из дверей и ворот на улицу, оживленно разговаривая и смеясь. Халохот, спустившись вниз по улочке, смачно выругался. Сначала от Беккера его отделяла лишь одна супружеская пара, и он надеялся, что они куда-нибудь свернут.
Надеюсь. - Месье Клушар. - Беккер улыбнулся и достал из кармана пиджака ручку. - Я хотел бы составить официальную жалобу городским властям. Вы мне поможете. Человек вашей репутации - ценнейший свидетель. Клушару эта идея понравилась.
Без воска. - Он улыбнулся в ответ. Она поцеловала .
Анализ затрат на единицу продукции. - Мидж торопливо пересказала все, что они обнаружили с Бринкерхоффом. - Вы звонили Стратмору. - Да.