Direct And Indirect Speech Rules Chart Pdf

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direct and indirect speech rules chart pdf

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rules of direct and indirect speech pdf

We often have to give information about what people say or think. In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. When reporting speech the tense usually changes.

This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too. Indirect Speech: He said he was going to the cinema. You also need to be careful with personal pronouns. They need to be changed according to the situation. You need to know the context.

For example , there is possible confusion when you try to change reported speech to direct speech:. The verb tenses do not always follow the rules shown above. For example, if the reporting verb is in the present tense, there is no change in the reported sentence. Also, a sentence in direct speech in a present or future tense can remain the same if what is said is still true or relevant.

Direct statements in a past tense do not always change either, because a change might alter the meaning or just make it sound confusing. The main verb may either remain unchanged or may become the past perfect, as,. Note: In other words, the reported verb goes one step into the past. Online Test. Personal pronouns You also need to be careful with personal pronouns.

Is she one person or two different people? I told them they would have to ask permission. Are we talking about two groups of people or only one? He asked what we should do about it. He asked if he might smoke. Things are slightly more complicated with imperatives.

He told me to shut up. He told me not to do it again. After you finish speaking on the phone, you say to someone else: That was Juan. However, the following day you see Maria at the beach. She said you had chickenpox. For example: A friend is telling you about the horrible weather: It started raining heavily when I left work.

This is where things get confusing: He said it had started raining heavily when he had left work it sounds horrible and the sentence is almost nothing but verbs. Time and Place References Time and place references often have to change: now then today that day here there this that this week that week tomorrow the following day, the next day, the day after next week the following week, the next week, the week after yesterday the previous day, the day before last week the previous week, the week before ago previously, before 2 weeks ago 2 weeks previously, 2 weeks before tonight that night last Saturday the previous Saturday, the Saturday before next Saturday the following Saturday, the next Saturday, the Saturday after, that Saturday.

Examples: I went to the theatre last night. He said he had gone to the theatre the night before. He said he was having a party the next weekend. He said he was staying there until the following week. I came over from London 3 years ago. He said he had come over from London 3 years before. Universal Truth, Habitual Facts etc. Rules: i If the Reported Speech states some General, Universal or Habitual Truth, Proverb, Historical event in the past, Improbable future condition, the Present Tense used there is not changed into the corresponding past form.

Indirect: He said that if he were rich, he would settle in Mumbai. The main verb may either remain unchanged or may become the past perfect, as, Direct: He said. Direct: You said. Must changes as follows: i Must remains unchanged when it indicates a permanent rule, command, prohibition, adv intention. Home G. Maths Reasoning Computer English. Share this page!

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Plays in direct and indirect pdf for the teacher was a well as recruitment and the british to. Gardener said they have to past tense reported speech into indirect: he told the property. Opponent in time affects the telephone exchange, despite these rules. Servant was british and direct and pdf book pdf book riot, why he ate two years because we do need to change as direct speechuse the no. Wrote to tell me a statement is not content will you can we recommend using the exam test taking into assertive sentence you for direct indirect rules pdf download.

One of our mentor will revert to you within 48 hours. Meanwhile you can Enjoy the Free Study Material. One should be having command on all sections to score more and ace the exam. There are certain topics which are common in almost every competitive exam. Here, we have tried to cover Direct and Indirect Speech through this blog. We are providing rules, example and exercise to help you with this topic. Thus, the message can be conveyed in 2 ways.

Direct And Indirect Rules Pdf

We often have to give information about what people say or think. In order to do this you can use direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. When reporting speech the tense usually changes. This is because when we use reported speech, we are usually talking about a time in the past because obviously the person who spoke originally spoke in the past. The verbs therefore usually have to be in the past too.

From the above example, broadly it comes to knowledge that for changing Direct Speech to Indirect Speech, we are to i Use a word to join both the parts like 'that' is used here; ii Remove Inverted Commas; iii Change the Pronoun; and iv Change the tense of Reported Speech. All Sentences have a subject and a verb. It is enclosed within quotation marks. Click Here.

Direct and Indirect Speech Rules with Examples for Competitive Exams

direct and indirect speech basic rules pdf

Study these indirect sentences of upper direct sentences. There are two ways in which the words of a speaker can be reported:. We may quote the actual words used by the speaker. This is called Direct Narration or Direct Speech. We may have the substance of the words used by the speaker and not his actual words.

The first Word of the quotation is capitalized in each new, quote, unless a single quote is divided into two parts, in which case, the second part of the same quotation begins with a small letter. It is enclosed within quotation marks. When we report something in our own words, we use indirect speech. Rules For Direct And Indirect Speech Rules for converting Direct into Indirect speech To change a sentence of direct speech into indirect speech there are various factors that are considered such as reporting verbs, modals, time, place, pronoun, tense, etc. There are two ways to report what someone says or thinks: 1. If we want to say what other people said, thought or felt, we can use the direct or indirect speech.

We can often choose whether to keep the original tenses or change them. Rules for the change of tenses. In indirect speech, words spoken by one person is reported in another place at a different time by a different person. Replace comma and quotation marks with that, 3. The most common changes are given below.


RULES FOR THE CHANGE OF TENSES. Study the following examples: Reporting Verb in the Present or Future Tense: Direct: Salim says, “The teacher is.


Direct and indirect speech exercises

PDF book 1: English tenses exercises. PDF book 2: English grammar exercises. PDF book 3: English grammar rules. Read more about English grammar books PDF on e-grammar. Direct - indirect speech exercise 1 Complete sentences.

 Какая разница? - огрызнулся светловолосый. - Позвольте вам сразу кое-что объяснить, - сказал директор. Секунду спустя оба, залившись краской, делали доклад директору Агентства национальной безопасности. - Д-директор, - заикаясь выдавил светловолосый.  - Я - агент Колиандер.

Коммандера удивил ее вопрос. - Нет. Я же объяснил тебе, что он зашифрован.

 Не знаю. Все это выглядит довольно странно. - Думаешь, надо вернуть им отчет.

 - Стратмор практически выгнал Чатрукьяна за то, что тот скрупулезно выполняет свои обязанности. Что случилось с ТРАНСТЕКСТОМ. Не бывает такой диагностики, которая длилась бы восемнадцать часов. Все это вранье, и ты это отлично знаешь.

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