Definition Of Race And Ethnicity Pdf
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- Defining Race, Ethnicity, and Related Constructs
- Race and Ethnicity
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Identity and culture are two of the basic building blocks of ethnicity. Through the construction of identity and culture, individuals and groups attempt to address the problematics of ethnic boundaries and meaning. Ethnicity is best understood as a dynamic, constantly evolving property of both individual identity and group organization. The construction of ethnic identity and culture is the result of both structure and agency—a dialectic played out by ethnic groups and the larger society. Ethnicity is the product of actions undertaken by ethnic groups as they shape and reshape their self-definition and culture; however, ethnicity is also constructed by external social, economic, and political processes and actors as they shape and reshape ethnic categories and definitions. This paper specifies several ways ethnic identity and culture are created and recreated in modern societies.
Defining Race, Ethnicity, and Related Constructs
Sociology uses and critiques the concepts of race and ethnicity, connecting them to the idea of majority and minority groups and social structures of inequality, power, and stratification. The sociological perspective explores how race and ethnicity are socially constructed and how individuals identify with one or more. Research demonstrates how they are linked to social position and to political and policy debates about issues such as immigration, identity formation, and inter-group relations including racism. See more Research on Race and Ethnicity. A best seller for many years, this invaluable reference has been published by the ASA since and provides comprehensive information for academic administrators, advisers, faculty, students, and a host of others seeking information on social science departments in the U. Included are listings for graduate departments of sociology.
See our resources page for information, support and best practices. Due to the current restrictions in place, our inspection copy policy has changed. This new and up-to-date dictionary contains numerous references to both European and American concepts, debates and terms that are relevant today- including words such as 'boat people', 'cybernazis', 'ebonics' as well as more established words and terms, such as 'affirmative action', 'caste', 'fortress Europe' and many more. The editors have brought together a group of internationally prominent academics and practitioners to produce this definite reference and research tool. Contributors include anthropologists, biologists, lawyers, philosophers, sociologists and psychologists, enabling the Dictionary to bring an interdisciplinary approach to the subject matter, and a rich variety of voice and content that would otherwise be absent. The Dictionary of Race, Ethnicity and Culture will provide a valuable tool for scholars, students, professionals and policy makers. It will help undergraduate and graduate students to use conceptual material effectively to write better essays, and will be an essential source of reference in the professional fields, particularly for social workers and teachers.
Race and Ethnicity
Ethnicity is the ethnic group or groups that people identify with or feel they belong to. Ethnicity is a measure of cultural affiliation, as opposed to race, ancestry, nationality, or citizenship. Ethnicity is self-perceived and people can belong to more than one ethnic group. An ethnic group is made up of people who have some or all of the following characteristics: - a common proper name - one or more elements of common culture which need not be specified, but may include religion, customs or language - unique community of interests, feelings and actions - a shared sense of common origins or ancestry, and - a common geographic origin. People can identify with an ethnicity even though they are not descended from ancestors with that ethnicity.
Science appears to have focused on the concept of race among human beings through the work of the biological taxonomist Carolus Linnaeus who, in , classified human beings into four categories based upon their skin color: red, yellow, white, and black Ehrlich and Feldman, Linnaeus further distinguished between the races based upon an amalgam of characteristics that he believed were associated with each. Whites, for instance, were said to be innovative, in contrast to blacks, who were deemed to be lazy and careless.
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